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Month

April 2018

Researcher Explains How Electromagnetic Fields Damage Your Health

Electromagnetic fields (EMFs) have been shown to cause biological damage and even cancer, but exactly how does this happen? In this interview, Paul Héroux, Ph.D., a researcher and professor of toxicology and health effects of electromagnetism at the faculty of… Continue Reading →

Earth Day and the Hockey Stick: A Singular Message

On the 20th anniversary of the graph that galvanized climate action, it is time to speak out boldl Two decades ago this week a pair of colleagues and I published the original “hockey stick” graph in Nature, which happened to… Continue Reading →

Trump and California Are Set to Collide Head-On Over Fuel Standards

The Trump administration is speeding toward all-out war with California over fuel economy rules for cars and SUVs, proposing to revoke the state's long-standing authority to enforce its own, tough rules on tailpipe emissions. The move forms a key part… Continue Reading →

Brains of young people with severe behavioral problems are ‘wired differently’

Research published today (Tuesday 1 May) has revealed new clues which might help explain why young people with the most severe forms of antisocial behaviour struggle to control and regulate their emotions, and might be more susceptible to developing anxiety… Continue Reading →

Freshwater ecosystems filter pollutants before they reach oceans

Whether through carbon dioxide emissions or nutrient pollution from fertilizers used in agriculture, human activities have a profound impact on ecosystems — often throwing them out of balance. By adding excess nutrients to crops, some are very likely to end… Continue Reading →

Weedkiller Found in Granola and Crackers, Internal FDA Emails Show

The FDA has been testing food samples for traces of glyphosate for two years, but the agency has not yet released any official results US government scientists have detected a weedkiller linked to cancer in an array of commonly consumed… Continue Reading →

Can Food Co-Ops Survive the New Retail Reality?

As mega-retailers like Amazon-Whole Foods and Costco go after their customer base, community grocery stores are being forced to reinvent to stay relevant. The Good Earth Market food cooperative in Billings, Montana, which opened its doors 23 years ago, closed… Continue Reading →

The Case for Climate Reparations

Who should pay the costs for climate-change-related disasters? The flames moved with a speed that no one had thought possible. It was a Sunday night, about 10:30 P.M., and Brad Sherwood was asleep when the sound of the dog scratching… Continue Reading →

Can Organics Help Rural America Rebound?

Some see organic farming as a sure-fire way to improve struggling farm communities. Others say it will take a lot more than higher premiums to make a lasting economic difference. As an organic farmer in Northeast Iowa, Wendy Johnson often… Continue Reading →

Bill Gates to Donate $12 Million to Fund Research for Universal Flu Vaccine

Bill Gates is donating $12 million to fund research for a universal flu vaccine. The billionaire spoke Friday at the annual meeting for the Massachusetts Society of Medicine in Boston, where he announced that the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation… Continue Reading →

Diagnostic imaging computers outperform human counterparts

The 'deep learning' computers in Anant Madabhushi's diagnostic imaging lab at Case Western Reserve University routinely defeat their human counterparts in diagnosing heart failure, detecting various cancers and predicting their strength. But Madabhushi — even as he gladly touts three… Continue Reading →

Going beyond ‘human error’

Failures in highly technological environments, such as military aircraft, can be investigated using known tools like HFACS, the U.S. Department of Defense's Human Factors Analysis and Classification System. However, because of some limitations, HFACS does not always highlight the deeper… Continue Reading →

Very few pages devoted to climate change in introductory science textbooks

As an ASU graduate student, Rachel Yoho wanted to push the boundaries of renewable energy research. What she didn't fully anticipate is that it would also lead her to questioning how climate change is taught in today's universities. In the… Continue Reading →

Proximity to books and adult support enhance children’s learning opportunities

An innovative book distribution program that provides free children's books in low-income neighborhoods, combined with supportive adults who encourage reading, can boost children's literacy and learning opportunities, finds a new study by NYU Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human… Continue Reading →

‘Exceptional’ research points way toward quantum discoveries

Rice University scientists are known for exceptional research, but a new paper led by physicist Junichiro Kono makes that point most literally. The discovery of exceptional points in a unique material created by Kono's lab is one of several revelations… Continue Reading →

Geometry is key to T-cell triggering

T cells protect the body from foreign substances (known as antigens) and are an essential component of the body's immune system. New immunotherapies that use a patient's own T cells to treat disease have already proven strikingly effective in treating… Continue Reading →

Phytoplankton assemblages in coastal waters remain productive, despite variable environmental conditions

They form the basis of the Arctic food web — and are extremely tough: even when the water becomes more acidic and the available light or temperatures change, various phytoplankton assemblages in the Arctic demonstrate undiminished productivity and biodiversity. This… Continue Reading →

Double-bridged peptides bind any disease target

Peptides are short chains of amino acids that can bind to proteins and change their function. They show high binding affinity, low toxicity, and are easy to synthesize, all of which makes peptides ideal for use in drug development, and… Continue Reading →

Bacteria’s appetite may be key to cleaning up antibiotic contamination

Antibiotics can be lifesaving for people suffering from serious bacterial infections such as pneumonia and meningitis. The drugs are lethal to bacteria — but some bacteria fight back by developing resistance to antibiotics, and a few not only resist the… Continue Reading →

Editing brain activity with holography

What if we could edit the sensations we feel; paste in our brain pictures that we never saw, cut out unwanted pain or insert non-existent scents into memory? University of California, Berkeley neuroscientists are building the equipment to do just… Continue Reading →

Calcium-based MRI sensor enables more sensitive brain imaging

MIT neuroscientists have developed a new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sensor that allows them to monitor neural activity deep within the brain by tracking calcium ions. Because calcium ions are directly linked to neuronal firing — unlike the changes in… Continue Reading →

Butterfly wings inspire light-manipulating surface for medical implants

Inspired by tiny nanostructures on transparent butterfly wings, engineers at Caltech have developed a synthetic analogue for eye implants that makes them more effective and longer-lasting. A paper about the research was published in Nature Nanotechnology. Sections of the wings… Continue Reading →

State-of-the-art HIV drug could curb HIV transmission, improve survival in India

An HIV treatment regimen already widely used in North America and Europe would likely increase the life expectancy of people living with HIV in India by nearly three years and reduce the number of new HIV infections by 23 percent… Continue Reading →

Better care of sickest patients can save hospitals money, says largest study of its kind

Palliative care — which better aligns medical treatments with patients' goals and wishes, aggressively treats distressing symptoms, and improves care coordination, — is associated with shorter hospital stays and lower costs, and shows its greatest effect among the sickest patients,… Continue Reading →

Ample warning of supervolcano eruptions likely, experts say

Concern over the potential imminent eruptions of Earth's supervolcanoes, like Taupo in New Zealand or Yellowstone in the United States, may be quelled by the results of a new study suggesting that geological signs pointing to a catastrophic eruption would… Continue Reading →

Personal care products contribute to a pollution ‘rush hour’

When people are out and about, they leave plumes of chemicals behind them — from both car tailpipes and the products they put on their skin and hair. In fact, emissions of siloxane, a common ingredient in shampoos, lotions, and… Continue Reading →

Old data, new tricks: Fresh results from NASA’s Galileo spacecraft 20 years on

Far across the solar system, from where Earth appears merely as a pale blue dot, NASA's Galileo spacecraft spent eight years orbiting Jupiter. During that time, the hearty spacecraft — slightly larger than a full-grown giraffe — sent back spates… Continue Reading →

High wildfire severity risk seen in young plantation forests

Wildfires show no respect for property lines, but a new analysis of the 2013 Douglas Complex fire in southwestern Oregon concludes that young plantation forests managed by industrial owners experienced higher severity fire than did nearby public forests. Researchers in… Continue Reading →

Therapeutic RNA corrects splicing defect that causes familial dysautonomia

Scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) have identified a therapeutic RNA molecule that corrects the error in genetic processing that leads to familial dysautonomia, a rare inherited neurodegenerative disorder. The experiments, conducted in cells sampled from patients and in… Continue Reading →

How to assess new solar technologies

Which is a better deal: an established, off-the-shelf type of solar panel or a cutting-edge type that delivers more power for a given area but costs more? It turns out that's far from a simple question, but a team of… Continue Reading →

Lonely and non-empathetic people more likely to make unethical shopping decisions

Lonely consumers are capable of behaving morally, but aren't motivated to, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York. "Consumers very often behave immorally. And while these behaviors are often legal, they are unethical and cost… Continue Reading →

Horses get the flu, too

Flu vaccines for horses haven't been updated in more than 25 years, but University of Rochester researchers have developed a new live equine influenza vaccine that is safe and more protective than existing vaccines. Luis Martinez-Sobrido, Ph.D., associate professor of… Continue Reading →

Using mathematical modeling and evolutionary principles important in treatment decisions

Cancer patients are commonly treated with the maximum dose they are able to withstand that does not cause too many toxic side effects. However, many patients become resistant to these treatments and develop cancer recurrence. Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center… Continue Reading →

Water-repellent surfaces can efficiently boil water, keep electronics cool

Surfaces that repel water can support efficient boiling if all air and vapor is removed from a system first, according to research featured on the cover of the most recent issue of Physical Review Letters. Water is typically boiled off… Continue Reading →

Comprehensive estimate of 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill

In an article published in SPIE's Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, researchers announce that optical remote sensing observations may provide close estimates of relative oil thickness/volume for large oil slicks in the ocean captured by satellites. This is a critical… Continue Reading →

Researcher discovers mechanisms and epigenetic markers with implications for diseases ranging from cancers to infertility

A UMD researcher has uncovered new mechanisms that dictate the development of germline stem cells or germ cells, the only cell type capable of passing genetic information on to the next generation. Stem cell research is on the foreground of… Continue Reading →

Daily photography improves wellbeing

Taking a photo each day and posting it online has complex benefits say researchers who say it supports improved wellbeing. This is a popular social phenomenon, with Instagram having over 1.5million photos tagged #365 for each day of the year… Continue Reading →

New models could uncover important answers for Alzheimer’s researchers

Alzheimer's disease currently affects more than 5.5 million Americans and is one of the costliest diseases to treat, according to the Alzheimer's Association. Characterized by a buildup of plaque in the brain, few animal models exist that researchers could use… Continue Reading →

A new formula for creating chemical reactions — with carbs

In the world of chemistry, good things can happen if you just add sugar. A wide range of drugs and biochemical probes — everything from antibiotics to Alzheimer's disease biomarkers — rely on natural or synthetic compounds that aid a… Continue Reading →

An AI for deciphering what animals do all day

Much of what biologists have learned about animal behavior over the years has come from careful observation and painstaking notes. There could soon be an easier way. In a new study in the journal eLife, researchers at Columbia University show… Continue Reading →

Understanding deadly citrus disease

Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have made an important step in understanding the molecular mechanism of huanglongbing (HLB), a destructive disease that is a serious threat to the citrus industry worldwide. HLB, also known as citrus greening disease,… Continue Reading →

Workplace flexibility bias not just a mother’s problem

Work-life balance is not an issue exclusive to women, particularly mothers — even men and those without children can suffer when they feel that their workplace culture is not family friendly, according to a new study. When employees think their… Continue Reading →

Pill for breast cancer diagnosis may outperform mammograms

As many as one in three women treated for breast cancer undergo unnecessary procedures, but a new method for diagnosing it could do a better job distinguishing between benign and aggressive tumors. Researchers at the University of Michigan are developing… Continue Reading →

Top Ten Reasons to Reject the House Farm Bill

Loading hay bales. Photo credit: NSAC. 1. Helps the big get bigger and rich get richer Over the last three decades, American agriculture has become increasingly consolidated. As of 2015, a majority of our food (51 percent) came from farms… Continue Reading →

Animal Ag Bites 4/30

Hypor, the swine breeding business of Hendrix Genetics, will join a research alliance to end surgical castrations of male piglets. The alliance, announced on January 3, 2018 by Recombinetics and DNA Genetics, is developing a precision breeding technology that results… Continue Reading →

Labeling and detecting RNA modifications

What happens in a cell when genetic information is translated into proteins? In order to study this process, researchers take a closer look on one particular biomolecule inside the cell: messenger ribonucleic acid, mRNA for short. This biomolecule plays a… Continue Reading →

Effects of munitions in the seas only partially known

The coastal Baltic and North Seas are widely littered with over a million tons of intact and corroding munitions, relict from wars since the early 1900s. Sea mines, aerial bombs, torpedo heads, grenades, and ammunition are all commonly found, some… Continue Reading →

Potential for more precise diagnosis and treatment of TBI

Patients who've suffered from traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) have changes in tiny blood vessels in their brains that researchers believe are linked to a range of cognitive symptoms, according to new findings presented at the 2018 American Academy of Neurology… Continue Reading →

A first for quantum physics: Electron orbitals manipulated in diamonds

While defects in a diamond are mostly undesirable, certain defects are a quantum physicist's best friend, having the potential to store bits of information that could one day be used in a quantum computing system. Applied physicists at Cornell University… Continue Reading →

Ancient quids reveal clues about genetic ancestry of early Great Basin inhabitants

If you want to know about your ancestors today, you can send a little saliva to a company where — for a fee — they will analyze your DNA and tell you where you come from. For scientists trying to… Continue Reading →

If pigs could fly: How can forests regenerate without birds?

Human activity continues to shape environmental systems around the world creating novel ecosystems that are increasingly prevalent in what some scientists call the Anthropocene (the age of humans). The island of Guam is well known as a textbook case for… Continue Reading →

Chronic dizziness can result from, or trigger, psychiatric disorders

While most cases of chronic dizziness result from a physical disorder, psychiatric issues can be a cause — or a consequence — of chronic dizziness, according to research published The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. Chronic dizziness can result… Continue Reading →

Vapers and non-smokers have the same flourishing gut flora

The first study of its kind has found that people who vape have the same mix of gut bacteria as non-smokers, whilst smokers have significant changes to their microbiome. The international team of researchers led by Newcastle University, analysed the… Continue Reading →

Vultures reveal critical Old World flyways

It's not easy to catch an Egyptian vulture. Evan Buechley knows. He's hunkered down near garbage dumps from Ethiopia to Armenia, waiting for the highly intelligent birds to trigger a harmless trap. But no matter how well he and other… Continue Reading →

Few patients maximize opioid-sparing medications after orthopaedic surgery

A new study led by Johns Hopkins researchers adds to growing evidence that patients underuse nonopioid pain relievers to supplement opioid pain management after spine and joint surgery. A report on the findings, which also shows that patients improperly store… Continue Reading →

Topological insulator ‘flips’ for superconductivity

A groundbreaking sample preparation technique has enabled researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the University of Tokyo to perform the most controlled and sensitive study to date of a topological insulator (TI) closely coupled to a superconductor… Continue Reading →

Brown widow male spiders prefer sex with older females likely to eat them afterwards

Male brown widow spiders seek to mate with older, less-fertile females who are 50 percent more likely to eat them after sex, according to Israeli researchers in a study published in the journal Animal Behaviour. Researchers at Ben-Gurion University of… Continue Reading →

Protein responsible for leukemia’s aggressiveness identified

Researchers have identified a protein critical for the aggressiveness of T-cell leukemia, a subtype of leukemia that afflicts children and adults. The identification of ubiquitin-fusion degradation 1 (UFD1) allows for better understanding what causes leukemia to progress and become highly… Continue Reading →

In the California Desert, the Bautista Family Grows Hot Dates

If you want to have the best date of your life, you’ll need to visit 7HotDates.com. Before you balk, you should know the Bautista family—owner of the Bautista Family Date Ranch and the aforementioned website—was a little unsure about the… Continue Reading →

Effects of night-time light on internal body clock

New research published in The Journal of Physiology has illuminated the effects of night-time light exposure on internal body clock processes. This is important for helping those who have poor quality sleep, such as shift workers, and could help improve… Continue Reading →

New materials for sustainable, low-cost batteries

The energy transition depends on technologies that allow the inexpensive temporary storage of electricity from renewable sources. A promising new candidate is aluminium batteries, which are made from cheap and abundant raw materials. Scientists from ETH Zurich and Empa —… Continue Reading →

New strategies needed to help healthcare providers gain knowledge to counsel patients on diet

A new scientific advisory from the American Heart Association reviews current gaps in medical nutrition education and training in the United States and summarizes reforms in undergraduate and graduate medical education to support more robust nutrition education and training efforts…. Continue Reading →

Higher aerobic fitness levels are associated with better word production skills in healthy older adults

Healthy older people who exercise regularly are less inclined to struggle to find words to express themselves, research led by the University of Birmingham has discovered. Researchers found that older adults' aerobic fitness levels are directly related to the incidence… Continue Reading →

Following five healthy lifestyle habits may increase life expectancy by decade or more

Maintaining five healthy habits — eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, keeping a healthy body weight, not drinking too much alcohol, and not smoking — during adulthood may add more than a decade to life expectancy, according to a new… Continue Reading →

Study explores link between curiosity and school achievement

Researchers know that certain factors give children a leg up when it comes to school performance. Family income, access to early childhood programs and home environment rank high on the list. Now, researchers are looking at another potentially advantageous element:… Continue Reading →

Warming future means more fire, fewer trees in western biodiversity hotspot

Increasing fires and summer droughts caused by global warming are drastically changing a globally unique bio-region of northern California and southwestern Oregon, according to new research funded by the National Science Foundation and published today in the journal Scientific Reports…. Continue Reading →

Obesity may hasten disability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

In a study of adults with rheumatoid arthritis, those who were severely obese experienced more rapidly progressing disability than patients who were overweight. This was not explained by features of their arthritis, including the amount of inflammation in their joints…. Continue Reading →

In 'Huge Win for Pollinators, People, and the Planet,' EU Bans Bee-Killing Pesticides

"Authorizing neonicotinoids during a quarter of a century was a mistake and led to an environmental disaster. Today's vote is historic." Faced with mounting scientific evidence that bee-poisoning neonicotinoids, or neonics, could cause an "ecological armageddon," European regulators on Friday… Continue Reading →

Will Pharmaceutical Companies Ever Be Punished for the Opioid Crisis?

"We know that pharmaceutical companies lied about the addictive impacts of opioids they manufactured. They knew how dangerous these products were but refused to tell doctors and patients. Yet, while some of these companies have made billions each year in… Continue Reading →

Big Pharma Wants People on Antidepressants for Years and It’s Working

Antidepressants were once considered a short-term therapy to help people get over a troubled time. All that changed with the debut of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants, drug ads on TV and the promotion of the “chemical imbalance” theory… Continue Reading →

We May Be on the Verge of a Human-Made Climate Disaster

Is Europe about to experience famine? New research shows that we may well be on the edge of a civilization-destroying climate change event. And we must do something about it. Most Americans are at least vaguely familiar with the Irish… Continue Reading →

Lipid accumulation in the brain may be an early sign of Parkinson’s disease

A collaborative team of researchers at McLean Hospital, a Harvard Medical School affiliate, and Oxford University has found that elevated levels of certain types of lipids (fat molecules) in the brain may be an early sign of Parkinson's disease (PD)…. Continue Reading →

Music activates regions of the brain spared by Alzheimer’s disease

Ever get chills listening to a particularly moving piece of music? You can thank the salience network of the brain for that emotional joint. Surprisingly, this region also remains an island of remembrance that is spared from the ravages of… Continue Reading →

Get off the golf cart if you have knee osteoarthritis

From presidents to retirees, more than 17 million people over the age of 50 golf regularly. Knee osteoarthritis, which causes swelling, pain and difficulty moving the joint, is one of the leading causes of disability in this age group. It… Continue Reading →

A potential new weapon in the addiction battle: FDA-approved diabetes and obesity drugs

Cocaine and other drugs of abuse hijack the natural reward circuits in the brain. In part, that's why it's so hard to quit using these substances. Moreover, relapse rates hover between 40 and 60 percent, similar to rates for other… Continue Reading →

Congress Examines SBA Poultry Loan Practices in Contentious Hearing

Contract poultry producer Karen Crutchfield, Photo credit: Marcello Cappellazzi. The central question at last week’s House Small Business Committee hearing was this: Who does the Small Business Administration’s (SBA) 7(a) program really help, and does that comport with the program’s… Continue Reading →

Parents may help prep kids for healthier, less violent relationships

Warm, nurturing parents may pass along strategies for building and maintaining positive relationships to their kids, setting them up for healthier, less-violent romantic relationships as young adults, according to researchers. Researchers found that when adolescents reported a positive family climate… Continue Reading →

Size matters when fighting cancer

Doctors could be a step closer to finding the most effective way to treat cancer with a double whammy of a virus combined with boosting the natural immune system, according to a pioneering study by researchers at The University of… Continue Reading →

Scientists project a drier Amazon and wetter Indonesia in the future

Climate models predict that an increase in greenhouse gases will dry out the Amazon rainforest in the future while causing wetter conditions in the woodlands of Africa and Indonesia. Researchers at the University of California, Irvine and other institutions have… Continue Reading →

Germany + 13 Other Countries Say No to Glyphosate: What About the U.S.?

Photo credit: Mike Mozart Germany’s agricultural minister, Julia Kloeckner, announced April 17 that she was finalizing a draft regulation to end the use of glyphosate, the world’s most heavily used herbicide in history. Glyphosate is the key active ingredient in… Continue Reading →

New carbon-dioxide-adsorbing crystals could form the basis of future biomedical materials that rely on the shape-memory effect

Kyoto University scientists are one step closer to designing porous materials that can change and retain their shapes — a function known as shape-memory effect. Shape-memory materials have applications in many fields. For example, they could be implanted in the… Continue Reading →

86 million workdays lost to migraine in the UK every year

The equivalent of 86 million workdays are lost to migraine each year and close to £1 billion is spent on healthcare costs associated with the condition. It affects more than 23 per cent of adults with almost 200,000 attacks happening… Continue Reading →

The digital transformation of news media and the rise of online disinformation

On 26 April 2018 the European Commission took steps to tackle the spread and impact of online disinformation in Europe and ensure the protection of European values and democracies. The Commission proposed an EU-wide Code of Practice on Disinformation, support… Continue Reading →

Drug effectiveness in reducing glucocorticoid-induced bone loss

About one in every 100 people in the world takes glucocorticoids long term to treat immune-mediated diseases. However, glucocorticoids, such as prednisone, have a side effect — they induce the bone loss called osteoporosis, causing an estimated yearly bone fracture… Continue Reading →

Catching mantle plumes by their magma tails

Hawaii's volcanoes stand as silent sentinels. They guard the secret of how they formed, thousands of miles away from where the edges of tectonic plates clash and generate magma for most volcanoes. A 2017 Nature study by Jones et al…. Continue Reading →

Scientists calculate radiation dose in bone from victim of Hiroshima bombing

The bombing of the Japanese cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the United States in 1945 was the first and only use of nuclear weapons against civilian targets. A series of studies began in its aftermath to measure the impact of… Continue Reading →

New technology for measuring brain blood flow with light

Biomedical engineers at the University of California, Davis, have developed a new technique for measuring blood flow in the human brain, which could be used in patients with stroke or traumatic brain injury, for example. The new technique, based on… Continue Reading →

Growth Energy Thrilled with Automotive Training Partnership

A new partnership between the American Ethanol program and the biggest automotive technical institute in the country is an important step forward in Growth Energy‘s mission to show consumers the many benefits of high octane biofuels. Growth Energy CEO Emily… Continue Reading →

New development in contact lenses for red-green color blindness using simple dye

Researchers at the University of Birmingham have developed a contact lens that may help people with colour blindness simply by using a low cost dye, according to research published today (26 April 2018) in the journal Advanced Healthcare Materials. Colour… Continue Reading →

Growing ‘dead zone’ confirmed by underwater robots in the Gulf of Oman

New research from the University of East Anglia (UEA) has confirmed a dramatic decrease in oxygen in the Gulf of Oman part of the Arabian Sea. But the environmental disaster is worse than expected. The 'dead zone' was confirmed by… Continue Reading →

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