Agro∼News

information, news, fairs, conferences

Month

July 2018

Fighting Worms in Cotton

Cotton growers attending the Sunbelt Ag Expo Field Day learned about a number of choices when it comes to worm control. Growers looking for two- or three-gene traits with high efficacy coupled with proven performance have a wide choice in… Continue Reading →

Plaintiff’s Final Live Witness Testifies in Monsanto Trial

Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. with "Dream Team" lawyers from Miller Law and Baum Hedlund Law—Monsanto's worst nightmare. On Friday morning, July 29, day 13 of the Monsanto trial, we called our final live witness in Dewayne Johnson’s case against Monsanto—Dr…. Continue Reading →

Do spiders have a favorite color?

Scientists recently discovered the aptly named peacock jumping spiders have the color vision needed to appreciate the male's gaudy display. Now biologists at the University of Cincinnati are studying whether that ability translates to the more humdrum-looking wolf spiders that… Continue Reading →

Animal taxonomy: Outwardly identical, yet distinct

Up until quite recently, the animal phylum Placozoa enjoyed a unique position in animal systematics. It was the only phylum to which only a single species had ever been assigned: Trichoplax adhaerens. Now, however, at team led by Professor Gert… Continue Reading →

Father’s genes can impact motherly love

A father's genes are no longer thought to just provide a blueprint for the growth and development of their offspring. Research publishing 31 July in the open access journal PLOS Biology by scientists led by Professors Rosalind John and Anthony… Continue Reading →

Can seagrass help fight ocean acidification?

Seagrass meadows could play a limited, localized role in alleviating ocean acidification in coastal ecosystems, according to new work led by Carnegie's David Koweek and including Carnegie's Ken Caldeira and published in Ecological Applications. When coal, oil, or gas is… Continue Reading →

Small amounts of pharmaceuticals found in north central Pa. rural well water

Drinking water from wells in rural north central Pennsylvania had low levels of pharmaceuticals, according to a study led by Penn State researchers. Partnering with volunteers in the University's Pennsylvania Master Well Owner Network, researchers tested water samples from 26… Continue Reading →

Mapping of magnetic particles in the human brain

Many living organisms, such as migratory birds, are thought to possess a magnetotactic sense, which enables them to respond to the Earth's magnetic field. Whether or not humans are capable of sensing magnetism is the subject of debate. However, several… Continue Reading →

Spatz 10-Step System: A national model for breastfeeding

Mothers of critically ill infants may not receive necessary breastfeeding support, because their babies may be taken directly to a newborn intensive care unit or to surgery. Dr. Diane Spatz, Nurse Researcher & Director of the Lactation Program at Children's… Continue Reading →

The tipping point: Service sector employees are more susceptible to mental health issues

Approximately 102 million Americans work in the service industry, according to the Pew Research Center, filling critical positions in restaurants, salons and transportation. In many cases, these jobs offer base pay at rates up to 71 percent lower than federal… Continue Reading →

Fruit flies farm their own probiotics

The role of bacteria inhabiting our bodies is increasingly recognized as part of our wellbeing. It is in our intestines that the most diverse and significant bacteria community is located. It is believed that the manipulation of this community —… Continue Reading →

Smart phone use: Distracted pedestrians walk slower and are less steady on their feet

Distracted drivers are responsible for more collisions in Canada than impaired drivers, but with smartphones becoming ubiquitous, distracted walking is also on the rise. Now, University of British Columbia engineers have analyzed just how mobile device use affects pedestrians, and… Continue Reading →

Creating a (synthetic) song from a zebra finch’s muscle

Birds create songs by moving muscles in their vocal organs to vibrate air passing through their tissues. While previous research reported that each of the different muscles controls one acoustic feature, new research shows that these muscles act in concert… Continue Reading →

Single-cell RNA profiling

The human body is made up of on the order of 13 billion cells – and each of them has a distinct molecular profile. Even cells in the same tissue can differ, often subtly, from one another, and their activities… Continue Reading →

160-year-old mystery about the origin of skeletons solved

Scientists at The University of Manchester and the University of Bristol have used powerful X-rays to peer inside the skeletons of some of our oldest vertebrate relatives, solving a 160-year-old mystery about the origin of our skeletons. Living vertebrates have… Continue Reading →

Soccer heading may be riskier for female players

Researchers have found that women who play soccer may be more at risk than their male counterparts. According to a new study published in the journal Radiology, female soccer players exhibit more extensive changes to brain tissue after repetitive 'heading'… Continue Reading →

Turning off protein could boost immunotherapy effectiveness on cancer tumors

Researchers at the Bloomberg~Kimmel Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy in the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center discovered inhibiting a previously known protein could reduce tumor burdens and enhance the effectiveness of immunotherapy treatments. In order to investigate the role of the… Continue Reading →

Real-time foot-and-mouth strategy to better fight disease

Future outbreaks of foot-and-mouth (FMD) disease can be combatted quickly and efficiently from early on — when authorities have minimal information — thanks to a new real-time strategy, developed by researchers at the University of Warwick. Dr Michael Tildesley and… Continue Reading →

Past experiences shape what we see more than what we are looking at now

A rope coiled on dusty trail may trigger a frightened jump by hiker who recently stepped on a snake. Now a new study better explains how a one-time visual experience can shape perceptions afterward. Led by neuroscientists from NYU School… Continue Reading →

Use of VA services impacted by external economic, policy changes

A new study has found that use of VA services is affected by economic and policy changes outside the VA, such as Medicaid eligibility, private employer insurance coverage, unemployment and (non-VA) physician availability. "As most Veterans live and work in… Continue Reading →

Energy-intensive Bitcoin transactions pose a growing environmental threat

A study published in Energy Research & Social Science warns that failure to lower the energy use by Bitcoin and similar Blockchain designs may prevent nations from reaching their climate change mitigation obligations under the Paris Agreement. The study, authored… Continue Reading →

Acidic pH: The weakness of cancer cells

Cancer cells are known to acidify their environment and, consequently, the interior of the cells themselves is alkalised. In principle, this deregulation should hinder the development and proliferation of these cells. However, exactly the opposite happens in cancer. A computational… Continue Reading →

Recreational fisheries pose threat to skittish sea turtles

Every summer, thousands of amateur scallopers flock to the warm coastal waters of Florida's Crystal River region, anchor their boats and reap the delicious bounty of the state's largest recreational bay scallop fishery. For these seasonal anglers, the toothsome morsels… Continue Reading →

Astronomers assemble ‘light-fingerprints’ to unveil mysteries of the cosmos

Earthbound detectives rely on fingerprints to solve their cases; now astronomers can do the same, using "light-fingerprints" instead of skin grooves to uncover the mysteries of exoplanets. Cornell University researchers have created a reference catalog using calibrated spectra and geometric… Continue Reading →

Next-generation photodetector camera to deploy during demo mission

Testing tools and technologies for refueling and repairing satellites in orbit won't be the only demonstration taking place aboard the International Space Station during NASA's next Robotic Refueling Mission 3, or RRM3. An advanced, highly compact thermal camera that traces… Continue Reading →

New cell lines produce monoclonal antibody for improved biologic drugs

When the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) issued the world's first standardized monoclonal antibody (mAb) in July 2016, the exhaustively analyzed protein known as NISTmAb (NIST Reference Material 8671) was intended as a valuable tool for biopharmaceutical companies…. Continue Reading →

Gene therapy: Better adenine base editing system

Two research teams from East China Normal University and Sun Yat-Sen University in China have developed and improved the ABE system in mouse and rat strains, which has great implications for human genetic disorders and gene therapy. The research has… Continue Reading →

Clearer vision of the biochemical reaction that allows us to see

What makes it possible for our eyes to see? It stems from a reaction that occurs when photons come into contact with a protein in our eyes, called rhodopsin, which adsorbs the photons making up light. In a paper published… Continue Reading →

Scientists discover potential therapy for human copper metabolism disorders

Individuals with defects in copper metabolism may soon have more targeted treatment options thanks to a discovery by a research team led by Dr. Vishal Gohil of Texas A&M AgriLife Research in College Station. A paper in the Proceedings of… Continue Reading →

Aphids manipulate their food

Aphids — who hasn't been bothered by these little insects at one time or another? Why do they reproduce on plants so successfully? These are among the questions that Professor Dr Caroline Müller and her research team are addressing at… Continue Reading →

Platinum is key in ancient volcanic related climate change

Supervolcanoes are one of Mother Nature's deadliest phenomena, and when they erupt, they can change the climate of the entire planet. To get a glimpse for how future catastrophic volcanic events might alter our lives, scientists at the University of… Continue Reading →

New electrocatalyst developed for ORR

Recent research published in a paper in NANO by a team of researchers from Beihang University have fabricated a new type of VNQD-NG as nonprecious metal-based electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). The unique structural features of plentiful VN quantum… Continue Reading →

Exposure to high-frequency electromagnetic fields at work not associated with brain tumors

No clear associations were found between occupational exposure to high frequency electromagnetic fields (EMF) and risk of glioma or meningioma, in one of the largest epidemiological studies performed to date and led by ISGlobal, an institution supported by "la Caixa"… Continue Reading →

Optical fibers that can ‘feel’ the materials around them

In recent years optical fibers have served as sensors to detect changes in temperature, like a thermometer, and pressure, like an artificial nerve. This technique is particularly useful in structures such as bridges and gas pipelines. EPFL researchers have now… Continue Reading →

Research into cell-to-cell signalling mechanism may lead to new cancer treatments

Pioneering new research into the way in which cells communicate with each other could hold the key to unlocking new, improved treatment for life-threatening diseases, including cancer. Various mechanisms exist for cells to communicate with each other, and many are… Continue Reading →

Predatory sea corals team up to feed on stinging jellyfish

Cave-dwelling corals in the Mediterranean can work alongside one another to catch and eat stinging jellyfish, a study reveals. Scientists have shown for the first time that corals can cooperate to capture and devour jellyfish which are swept against the… Continue Reading →

Just two weeks’ inactivity can trigger diabetic symptoms in vulnerable patients

Just two weeks without much activity can have a dramatic impact on health from which it is difficult to recover, according to researchers who studied overweight older adults at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Not only did an abrupt,… Continue Reading →

Heat therapy boosts mitochondrial function in muscles

A new study finds that long-term heat therapy may increase mitochondrial function in the muscles. The discovery could lead to new treatments for people with chronic illness or disease. The study — the first of its kind in humans —… Continue Reading →

River complexity maintains regional population stability

An international group of researchers has demonstrated that branching complexity of rivers affects regional population stability and persistence in nature, contrary to current theories which suggest the importance of an ecosystem's size. At the turn of the 21st century, ecosystems… Continue Reading →

A colossal breakthrough for topological spintronics

Scientists have developed the world's best-performing pure spin current source[1] made of bismuth-antimony (BiSb) alloys, which they report as the best candidate for the first industrial application of topological insulators[2]. The achievement represents a big step forward in the development… Continue Reading →

22 Noteworthy Food and Farming Books for Summer Reading—and Beyond

It’s the height of summer and the perfect time to spend some time with the bounty of food and farming books that have hit bookshelves in recent months. Whether you’re lounging on a beach, repairing in the woods, or seeking… Continue Reading →

Report on NY Soil Health Summit

The era of soil health is dawning – that is the conclusion we heard from David Montgomery, keynote speaker at the New York Soil Health Summit, and the theme of his hot-off-the-presses book Growing a Revolution: Bringing Our Soils Back… Continue Reading →

Day 12 – Liberal Morons Who Don't Want Cancer

It has been icy in San Francisco the last few days, with thick, drizzly fog. It feels like the gray, gloomy days of winter, or maybe I’m just riddled with intrusive thoughts of how the EPA has known that RoundUp… Continue Reading →

GROWMARK Changes Support Supply Chain Operations

GROWMARK has appointed Rod Wells to the new position of Executive Director, Enterprise Supply Chain Optimization effective August 1. In this role, Wells will lead the overall GROWMARK supply chain organization from the various wholesale divisions through corporately-owned retail divisions… Continue Reading →

Dangerous foodborne pathogen linked to centipedes

A dangerous foodborne parasite typically found in snails and other mollusks was detected in two patients in a Chinese hospital and traced to their consumption of raw wild centipedes, according to a new case report published today by the American… Continue Reading →

Routine genomic screening could find risks for cancer and heart disease in 3 to 4 million

Unbeknownst to them, at least 1 percent of the U.S. population has an identifiable genetic risk for cancer or heart disease that could be detected and clinically managed through genomic screening. The author of an article published in Annals of… Continue Reading →

Plate tectonics not needed to sustain life

There may be more habitable planets in the universe than we previously thought, according to Penn State geoscientists, who suggest that plate tectonics — long assumed to be a requirement for suitable conditions for life — are in fact not… Continue Reading →

Better way found to determine the integrity of metals

Researchers at the University of Waterloo have found a better way to identify atomic structures, an essential step in improving materials selection in the aviation, construction and automotive industries. The findings of the study could result in greater confidence when… Continue Reading →

Monsanto Trial: Two Days Closer to a Verdict

Dr. William Sawyer, Michael Baum, Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. and Dr. Charles Benbrook in the plaintiffs holding room between court sessions. Wednesday, July 25—Day 11 of the Monsanto trial—seemed a dark day for the Plaintiff. With the jury off duty,… Continue Reading →

Does Full-Fat Dairy Promote Heart Disease? Research Says No

Whole milk, cheese and butter have long been demonized as unhealthy, their saturated fat content incorrectly identified as a driver of obesity, heart disease and related health problems. We now know eating fat does not make you fat. Science has… Continue Reading →

An Introduction to Chickenpox: Facts About This 'Childhood Disease'

Many years ago, when a child came down with chickenpox, other parents would willingly expose their own children to the infected one — a practice known as a “pox party” — hoping that their son or daughter would also catch… Continue Reading →

Warming Arctic Could Be Behind Heatwave Sweeping Northern Hemisphere

This heatwave across much of the northern hemisphere could continue for weeks, and possibly even months. And accelerated warming in the Arctic compared to the rest of the planet could be a key contributor. The heatwaves have killed dozens in… Continue Reading →

DNA repair after CRISPR cutting not at all what people thought

Despite high hopes and high investment in CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing, scientists still have a lot to learn about how it works in humans. In the latest example, University of California, Berkeley, scientists found that people's assumptions about how cells repair… Continue Reading →

Cannabinoid improves survival rates of mice with pancreatic cancer

Mice with pancreatic cancer that were treated with a naturally occurring constituent of medicinal cannabis alongside chemotherapy, survived almost three times longer than those treated with chemotherapy alone, a new study reports. The study is published in the journal Oncogene… Continue Reading →

3D printing the next generation of batteries

Additive manufacturing, otherwise known as 3-D printing, can be used to manufacture porous electrodes for lithium-ion batteries — but because of the nature of the manufacturing process, the design of these 3-D printed electrodes is limited to just a few… Continue Reading →

Stoneville Varieties Presentation at Sunbelt Field Day

Debbie Brown, Stoneville representative in the Eastern Region, gave a presentation to tour participants during the Field Day at Sunbelt Ag Expo. Her focus was on the top four varieties for the Georgia area. Debbie points to Stoneville 5517GLTP, 5471GLTP,… Continue Reading →

Lack of a single molecule may indicate severe and treatment-resistant depression

Depression is not a single disease. The term refers to a cluster of feelings and behaviors, brought on by a variety of underlying causes. And, unfortunately, it is often difficult to determine which type of depression a person has: a… Continue Reading →

Harnessing hair loss gene could improve cancer immunotherapy

A gene that's associated with an autoimmune form of hair loss could be exploited to improve cancer immunotherapy, suggests a new mouse study by Columbia University Irving Medical Center (CUIMC) researchers. The paper was published on line last month in… Continue Reading →

‘Smart’ machine components alert users to damage and wear

Scientists at the United Technologies Research Center and UConn used advanced additive manufacturing technology to create 'smart' machine components that alert users when they are damaged or worn. The researchers also applied a variation of the technology to create polymer-bonded… Continue Reading →

Sequencing a malaria mosquito’s motherline

A team led by scientists from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health has sequenced and annotated the first complete mitochondrial genome of Anopheles funestus, one of the main vectors of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa. This milestone, published in… Continue Reading →

How Oropouche virus replicates in human cells

The strategy used by the Oropouche virus to replicate in human cells has been described for the first time by researchers at the University of São Paulo (USP) in Brazil and international collaborators in an article published in the journal… Continue Reading →

New model reveals rips in Earth’s mantle layer below southern Tibet

Seismic waves are helping researchers uncover the mysterious subsurface history of the Tibetan Plateau, possibly lending insight to future earthquake activity in the region. The specifics of the deep geologic processes that occurred roughly 50 million years ago, when the… Continue Reading →

Potent antibodies against three Ebola viruses

Researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center and their colleagues are a step closer to developing a broadly effective antibody treatment against the three major Ebola viruses that cause lethal disease in humans. Reporting July 17 in the journal Immunity, they… Continue Reading →

Solar flares disrupted radio communications during September 2017 Atlantic hurricanes

An unlucky coincidence of space and Earth weather in early September 2017 caused radio blackouts for hours during critical hurricane emergency response efforts, according to a new study in Space Weather, a journal of the American Geophysical Union. The new… Continue Reading →

Trapping light that doesn’t bounce off track for faster electronics

Replacing traditional computer chip components with light-based counterparts will eventually make electronic devices faster due to the wide bandwidth of light. A new protective metamaterial "cladding" prevents light from leaking out of the very curvy pathways it would travel in… Continue Reading →

Microfluidic system incorporates neuroinflammation into ‘Alzheimer’s in a dish’ model

Building on their development of the first culture system to replicate fully the pathology behind Alzheimer's disease, a Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) research team has now produced a system that includes neuroinflammation, the key biological response that leads to the… Continue Reading →

Diet matters less than evolutionary relationships in shaping gut microbiome

Gut microbes provide many services for their hosts, including digesting their food. Researchers have long known that mammals with specialized diets, such as carnivores and anteaters, have special types of gut microbes that allow them to eat that diet. Is… Continue Reading →

Hidden rules of genetics for how life on Earth began

All living things use the genetic code to "translate" DNA-based genetic information into proteins, which are the main working molecules in cells. Precisely how the complex process of translation arose in the earliest stages of life on Earth more than… Continue Reading →

Preventing dangerous episodes of low blood sugar with diabetes: Study provides next clue

A new LSU Pennington Biomedical Research Center study reveals that a novel biomarker might give us new answers necessary to creating a diagnostic tool for hypoglycemia-associated autonomic failure, or HAAF. No objective diagnostic tool currently exists for this condition which,… Continue Reading →

Key weakness in modern computer vision systems identified

Computer vision algorithms have come a long way in the past decade. They've been shown to be as good or better than people at tasks like categorizing dog or cat breeds, and they have the remarkable ability to identify specific… Continue Reading →

Magnetic nanoparticles deliver chemotherapy to difficult-to-reach spinal tumors

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have demonstrated that magnetic nanoparticles can be used to ferry chemotherapy drugs into the spinal cord to treat hard-to-reach spinal tumors in an animal model. The unique delivery system represents a novel… Continue Reading →

Whales use song as sonar, psychologist proposes

Any quick internet search for recordings of humpback whale song returns audio compilations that can receive tens of thousands, if not millions, of visits. With such quantifiable popularity, you might ask, "Who doesn't love listening to whale song?" One surprising… Continue Reading →

Smaller plates don’t help you eat less when you’re hungry, research finds

Tricking the brain into eating less by serving food on a smaller plate doesn't necessarily work, according a new study by Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) researchers, who found that when people are food-deprived, they're more likely to identify… Continue Reading →

Parker Solar Probe and the birth of the solar wind

This summer, humanity embarks on its first mission to touch the Sun: A spacecraft will be launched into the Sun's outer atmosphere. Facing several-million-degree Fahrenheit temperatures, NASA's Parker Solar Probe — named after Eugene Parker, the University of Chicago physicist… Continue Reading →

Mutation ‘hotspots’ in DNA: Research could lead to new insights on cancer risks

New research from Indiana University has identified "hotspots" in DNA where the risk for genetic mutations is significantly elevated. These mutations arise because "typos" can occur as DNA replicates during cellular division. A recent analysis, which found that random mistakes… Continue Reading →

Credenz Presentation at Milan No-Till Field Day

Lucas Owen, Regional Agronomist, with Stoneville and Credenz products, presented a look ahead to 2019 for soybean growers and talked about the best performing varieties and new ones being launched this year. He says that Credenz 3841 has been performing… Continue Reading →

Largest king penguin colony has shrunk nearly 90%

Known since the 1960s, the colony of king penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus) on Île aux Cochons, in the southern Indian Ocean, had the distinction of being the world's biggest colony of king penguins and second biggest colony of all penguins. However,… Continue Reading →

Brain game doesn’t offer brain gain

A new study led by a team of Western University neuroscientists has debunked claims that getting better at a brain training game can translate to improved performance in other, untrained cognitive tasks. This study, published in the journal Neuropsychologia, set… Continue Reading →

Advancing the search for antibodies to treat Alzheimer’s disease

Two new studies published by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital illustrate that not all forms of amyloid-beta (Aβ) protein — the protein thought to initiate Alzheimer's disease — play an equally menacing role in the progress of the disease…. Continue Reading →

Poor mental health days may cost the economy billions of dollars

Poor mental health ranks as one of the costliest forms of sickness for U.S. workers and may sap billions of dollars from the country's income growth, according to a team of researchers. In an analysis of economic and demographic data… Continue Reading →

Memory-processing unit could bring memristors to the masses

A new way of arranging advanced computer components called memristors on a chip could enable them to be used for general computing, which could cut energy consumption by a factor of 100. This would improve performance in low power environments… Continue Reading →

Pungent tasting substance in ginger reduces bad breath

The pungent compound 6-gingerol, a constituent of ginger, stimulates an enzyme contained in saliva — an enzyme which breaks down foul-smelling substances. It thus ensures fresh breath and a better aftertaste. Citric acid, on the other hand, increases the sodium… Continue Reading →

A reliable, easy-to-use mouse model for investigating bone metastasis

Researchers at Tokyo Institute of Technology propose an improved mouse model that could revolutionize bone metastasis research. Their method, which involves injecting cancer cells via the so-called caudal artery in the mouse tail, overcomes many limitations of traditional mouse models…. Continue Reading →

Climate taxes on agriculture could lead to more food insecurity than climate change itself

New IIASA-led research has found that a single climate mitigation scheme applied to all sectors, such as a global carbon tax, could have a serious impact on agriculture and result in far more widespread hunger and food insecurity than the… Continue Reading →

Discuss religion, spirituality when treating young adults with severe mental illness

A majority of young adults with severe mental illness — bipolar disorder, schizophrenia or major depression — consider religion and spirituality relevant to their mental health, according to a new study from Baylor University's Diana R. Garland School of Social… Continue Reading →

Do bacteria ever go extinct? New research says yes, bigtime

Bacteria go extinct at substantial rates, although appear to avoid the mass extinctions that have hit larger forms of life on Earth, according to new research from the University of British Columbia (UBC), Caltech, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The… Continue Reading →

New approach to terpene syntheses

Terpenes are natural products that are often very difficult to synthesize in the laboratory. Chemists from the University of Basel have now developed a synthesis method that mimics nature. The decisive step takes place inside a molecular capsule, which enables… Continue Reading →

Low-power devices may one day run on new heat-based power source

A new way to generate electricity in special materials called Weyl magnets has been discovered by physicists at the University of Tokyo. The method exploits temperature gradients, differences in temperature throughout a material. This could pave the way for maintenance-free… Continue Reading →

Ever-increasing CO2 levels could take us back to the tropical climate of Paleogene period

A new study led by scientists at the University of Bristol has warned that unless we mitigate current levels of carbon dioxide emissions, Western Europe and New Zealand could revert to the hot tropical climate of the early Paleogene period… Continue Reading →

New understanding of deep earthquakes

Researchers have known for decades that deep earthquakes — those deeper than 60 kilometers, or about 37 miles below the Earth's surface — radiate seismic energy differently than those that originate closer to the surface. But a systematic approach to… Continue Reading →

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