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Month

August 2018

Mutations, drugs drive cancer by blurring growth signals

Genetic mutations in a form of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may drive tumor formation by blurring cells' perception of key growth signals, according to a new laboratory study published August 31, 2018 in Science. The research, led by UC… Continue Reading →

LAMP Promises to Brighten Future for Family Farmers

LAMP support on full display at Tonnemaker Family Farm in Woodinville, WA. Photo credit: Reana Kovalcik. With the 2018 Farm Bill moving into conference and the first conference committee meeting now set for September 5, both the House and Senate… Continue Reading →

A new way to remove ice buildup without power or chemicals

From airplane wings to overhead powerlines to the giant blades of wind turbines, a buildup of ice can cause problems ranging from impaired performance all the way to catastrophic failure. But preventing that buildup usually requires energy-intensive heating systems or… Continue Reading →

Sound can be used to print droplets that couldn’t be printed before

Harvard University researchers have developed a new printing method that uses sound waves to generate droplets from liquids with an unprecedented range of composition and viscosity. This technique could finally enable the manufacturing of many new biopharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and food… Continue Reading →

Cryptosporidiosis worsened in mice on probiotics

In an unexpected research finding infections with the intestinal parasite, Cryptosporidium parvum, worsened in mice that had been given a probiotic. The research was published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology. As compared… Continue Reading →

AMVAC Launches Force® 10G HL Insecticide

At the 2018 Farm Progress Show this week, AMVAC® Chemical Corporation announced the launch of Force 10G HL Insecticide for field corn, seed corn, sweet corn and popcorn. Force 10G HL has a reliable pyrethroid mode of action for proven… Continue Reading →

Eating in 10-hour window can override disease-causing genetic defects, nurture health

Scientists at the Salk Institute found that mice lacking the biological clocks thought to be necessary for a healthy metabolism could still be protected against obesity and metabolic diseases by having their daily access to food restricted to a 10-hour… Continue Reading →

Even the fittest middle-aged athletes can’t outrun cardiovascular risk factors

Middle-aged adults are exercising more and living longer, but new research from the University of British Columbia suggests that even the fittest among them are not immune to cardiovascular disease — and they often don't have any symptoms. The study,… Continue Reading →

Investigators find that bile acids reduce cocaine reward

Bile acids — gut compounds that aid in the digestion of dietary fats — reduce the desire for cocaine, according to a new study by researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center and the University of Alabama at Birmingham. The findings,… Continue Reading →

Vicious circle leads to loss of brain cells in old age

The so-called CB1 receptor is responsible for the intoxicating effect of cannabis. However, it appears to act also as a kind of "sensor" with which neurons measure and control the activity of certain immune cells in the brain. A recent… Continue Reading →

Genetics and pollution drive severity of asthma symptoms

Asthma patients, with a specific genetic profile, exhibit more intense symptoms following exposure to traffic pollution, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health and collaborators. The study appeared online in Scientific Reports. The research team, made up of… Continue Reading →

Smaller Farms Likely to Face Higher Food Safety Compliance Costs

Just-picked green zucchini squash waits to be loaded onto a processing trailer. Photo credit: USDA, Lance Cheung American producers operating smaller farms will have a higher price to pay when it comes to complying with the Food Safety Modernization Act’s… Continue Reading →

Deere Adds New Tillage Models

John Deere introduced a number of new product offerings at the 2018 Farm Progress Show, including the new 2660VT Variable-Intensity Tillage Tool. Paul Richardel, Deere Product Line Marketing Manager for Tillage, was excited to talk about the new 2660VT with… Continue Reading →

Zimfo Bytes 8/31

U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue unveiled a new webpage featuring information about the importance of rural e-Connectivity and the ways the U.S. Department of Agriculture is investing to help deploy high-speed broadband infrastructure in rural America. For more information,… Continue Reading →

Better silicone adhesion Inspired by beetle feet

Geckos, spiders and beetles have shown us how to do it: thanks to special adhesive elements on their feet, they can easily run along ceilings or walls. The science of bionics tries to imitate and control such biological functions, for… Continue Reading →

The low impact of the high-speed train on international tourism

At the height of the tourist season, a study by the Applied Economics & Management, Research Group, based at the University of Seville, is a pioneering analysis of the relationship between the high-speed train and tourism in Europe, in contrast… Continue Reading →

Bodily sensations give rise to conscious feelings

Humans constantly experience an ever-changing stream of subjective feelings that is only interrupted during sleep and deep unconsciousness. Finnish researches show how the subjective feelings map into five major categories: positive emotions, negative emotions, cognitive functions, somatic states, and illnesses…. Continue Reading →

Novel concepts for the diagnosis of fatty liver and personalized treatment

More and more adults — but also about 34 percent of obese children — suffer from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). An unhealthy lifestyle with little physical activity and a diet high in fat, sugar and fructose and/or a genetic… Continue Reading →

Are vulnerable lions eating endangered zebras?

Are Laikipia's recovering lions turning to endangered Grevy's zebras (Equus grevyi) for their next meal? That's what a team of researchers led by WCS and WWF set out to discover — whether the comeback of a top predator — in… Continue Reading →

Similar changes in the brains of patients with ADHD and emotional instability

In both ADHD and emotional instability disorders (e.g. borderline and antisocial personality disorder as well as conduct disorder in children), the brain exhibits similar changes in overlapping areas, meaning that the two types of conditions should be seen as related… Continue Reading →

Why two? Structure of protein FAT10 analyzed

FAT10 is a small protein with a huge effect. Its attachment to a target protein is a signal for its degradation. FAT10 is a marking system for degradation that seems to be inefficient. In contrast to its biological competitor, ubiquitin,… Continue Reading →

Researchers compare chemotherapy regimens for best outcomes in invasive bladder cancer

Patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer have been shown to benefit from chemotherapy prior to surgical removal of the bladder. But which type of chemotherapy leads to the best outcomes in terms of complete response rates or cancer control? Moffitt Cancer… Continue Reading →

Positional sleep therapy during pregnancy may promote maternal and fetal health

A new study suggests that an intervention to reduce supine sleep in late pregnancy may promote maternal and fetal health. Results show that median time spent sleeping supine was reduced significantly from 48.3 minutes during the control night to 28.5… Continue Reading →

Cannibalistic materials feed on themselves to grow new nanostructures

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory induced a two-dimensional material to cannibalize itself for atomic "building blocks" from which stable structures formed. The findings, reported in Nature Communications, provide insights that may improve design of 2D… Continue Reading →

Allergists warn that chigger bites may cause allergic reaction to red meat

Chiggers, redbugs, harvest mites — whatever you call them, they are pesky little bugs whose bites cause really itchy rashes, usually around the ankles and waistline. In addition to being uncomfortable and annoying, these bites may also cause a relatively… Continue Reading →

How nearby cells shield tumor cells from targeted therapy

The maintenance workers of the vascular system, pericyte cells envelop the surface of blood vessels, supporting their stability, growth and survival. Given that blood vessel growth is one necessary component in tumor development and progression, researchers have lately been investigating… Continue Reading →

Sharp rise in essay cheating globally, with millions of students involved

A breakthrough study by Swansea University has revealed that the use of contract cheating, where students pay someone else to write their assignments, is rising rapidly around the world. For the study, published in Frontiers in Education, Professor Phil Newton… Continue Reading →

A computational analysis identifies a new clinical phenotype of severe malaria

There are more clinical phenotypes of severe malaria than those defined by the World Health Organization (WHO), according to a study led by ISGlobal, an institution supported by "la Caixa" Foundation. The results indicate that heart failure can be a… Continue Reading →

Growth in first 3 years of life affects respiratory health in children

Children's growth in the first three years of life affects the development of their lungs and the risk of asthma at 10 years of age. This is the main conclusion of a new study carried out by the Barcelona Institute… Continue Reading →

Synthetic microbiome? Genetic engineering allows different species of bacteria to communicate

More than 1,000 species of bacteria have been identified in the human gut, and understanding this incredibly diverse "microbiome" that can greatly impact health and disease is a hot topic in scientific research. Because bacteria are routinely genetically engineered in… Continue Reading →

What Congress Does Next on the Farm Bill Could Cost Farmers and Taxpayers Billions

This year has been hard for all farmers—they have faced an ongoing trade war from the Trump administration and an uphill battle with climate change. But farmers who want to use sustainable practices are being particularly hard hit, as their… Continue Reading →

Stroke doubles dementia risk, concludes large-scale study

People who have had a stroke are around twice as likely to develop dementia, according to the largest study of its kind ever conducted. The University of Exeter Medical School led the study which analysed data on stroke and dementia… Continue Reading →

Water worlds could support life, study says

The conditions for life surviving on planets entirely covered in water are more fluid than previously thought, opening up the possibility that water worlds could be habitable, according to a new paper from the University of Chicago and Pennsylvania State… Continue Reading →

GROWMARK: Our Strategy is to ‘GROW’

The theme of the 2018 GROWMARK Annual Meeting in Chicago is more than just a theme. It’s also the strategy the company will use moving forward. The executive team is focusing on the word “GROW” – an acronym they plan… Continue Reading →

Emails Show the Swamp Stretches to the Agriculture Department

From suggestions for members of a science committee to emails sent "on the sly" and thoughts for the secretary's speeches, new internal emails from the US Department of Agriculture show big food industry lobbyists are working hand-in-glove with agency staffers…. Continue Reading →

Truelove Seeds Offers a Connection to Culinary Heritage and Food Justice

The new company specializes in seeds that make cultural connections to immigrants, adventurous eaters, and anyone interested in preserving biodiversity and culinary history. Beneath the clatter of the elevated subway in the Brooklyn neighborhood of East New York is a… Continue Reading →

The EPA Isn't Taking It's Own Advice on a Pesticide That Cause Brain Damage in Children

After decades of research and debate, the EPA was on the cusp of banning all use of chlorpyrifos, a poison that attacks the nervous system. But in 2017, then-EPA administrator Scott Pruitt delayed a decision by five years. Science correspondent… Continue Reading →

Model can more naturally detect depression in conversations

To diagnose depression, clinicians interview patients, asking specific questions — about, say, past mental illnesses, lifestyle, and mood — and identify the condition based on the patient's responses. In recent years, machine learning has been championed as a useful aid… Continue Reading →

Mechanism of Marburg virus sexual transmission identified in nonhuman primates

Research published today by a team of Army scientists sheds light on the mechanism of sexual transmission of filoviruses, including Ebola and Marburg virus, which have been shown to persist in the testes and other immune privileged sites. Their work… Continue Reading →

Using physics to predict crowd behavior

Electrons whizzing around each other and humans crammed together at a political rally don't seem to have much in common, but researchers at Cornell are connecting the dots. They've developed a highly accurate mathematical approach to predict the behavior of… Continue Reading →

Countries ranked by oil production emissions

Until renewable sources of energy like wind or solar become more reliable and less expensive, people worldwide remain reliant on fossil fuels for transportation and energy. This means that if people want to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, there need to… Continue Reading →

Inhibiting nuclear factor kappa B improves heart function in a mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a devastating genetic disease that impairs cardiac and skeletal muscle development. People with DMD gradually lose ambulation in childhood, acquire respiratory and heart failure in young adulthood and succumb to the disease by their mid-thirties…. Continue Reading →

Scientists identify protein that may have existed when life began

How did life arise on Earth? Rutgers researchers have found among the first and perhaps only hard evidence that simple protein catalysts — essential for cells, the building blocks of life, to function — may have existed when life began…. Continue Reading →

Faster than we thought: Sulfurization of organic material

About 94 million years ago, something happened that led to an unusually high amount of organic material being preserved in oceans around the world. The burial of this organic carbon — over about a half million years — pulled an… Continue Reading →

Dual-layer solar cell sets record for efficiently generating power

Materials scientists from the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have developed a highly efficient thin-film solar cell that generates more energy from sunlight than typical solar panels, thanks to its double-layer design. The device is made by spraying a thin… Continue Reading →

Scientists predict superelastic properties in a group of iron-based superconductors

A collaboration between scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory and the Institute for Theoretical Physics at Goethe University Frankfurt am Main has computationally predicted a number of unique properties in a group of iron-based superconductors, including room-temperature… Continue Reading →

A master switch controls aggressive breast cancer

A team at the Salk Institute has identified a master switch that appears to control the dynamic behavior of tumor cells that makes some aggressive cancers so difficult to treat. The gene Sox10 directly controls the growth and invasion of… Continue Reading →

Secretary Perdue Comments on Current Issues

Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue visited the Farm Progress Show this week, making an appearance for everyone at the show to enjoy with Max Armstrong and Orion Samuelson in the VIP tent, followed by a press gaggle where trade was… Continue Reading →

Biomechanics of chewing depend more on animal size, not diet

Chewing: We don't think about it, we just do it. But biologists don't know a lot about how chewing behavior leaves telltale signs on the underlying bones. To find out, researchers at the Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences… Continue Reading →

Study illustrates challenges of lowering tetanus mortality

The overall mortality in patients suffering non-neonatal tetanus is high. Efforts to reduce mortality in one sub-Saharan African intensive care unit (ICU) by implementing a standard tetanus protocol did little to change mortality rates, although they shifted causes of deaths,… Continue Reading →

Injection wells can induce earthquakes miles away from the well

A study of earthquakes induced by injecting fluids deep underground has revealed surprising patterns, suggesting that current recommendations for hydraulic fracturing, wastewater disposal, and geothermal wells may need to be revised. Researchers at UC Santa Cruz compiled and analyzed data… Continue Reading →

How damaging immune cells develop during tuberculosis

Insights into how harmful white blood cells form during tuberculosis infection point to novel targets for pharmacological interventions, according to a study published in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens by Valentina Guerrini and Maria Laura Gennaro of Rutgers New Jersey… Continue Reading →

DNA accessibility, gene expression jointly profiled in thousands of cells

Scientists have now developed an assay that concurrently profiles both the epigenome and transcriptome of each of thousands of single cells. The epigenome and transcriptome are part of the molecular biology that converts a genetic blueprint into tools and materials… Continue Reading →

Simple test detects disease-carrying mosquitoes, presence of biopesticide

A new diagnostic tool has been developed by researchers at The University of Texas at Austin that can easily, quickly and cheaply identify whether a mosquito belongs to the species that carries dangerous diseases such as Zika virus, dengue, chikungunya… Continue Reading →

Most land-based ecosystems worldwide risk ‘major transformation’ due to climate change

Without dramatic reductions in greenhouse-gas emissions, most of the planet's land-based ecosystems — from its forests and grasslands to the deserts and tundra — are at high risk of "major transformation" due to climate change, according to a new study… Continue Reading →

CRISPR halts Duchenne muscular dystrophy progression in dogs

Scientists for the first time have used CRISPR gene editing to halt the progression of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) in a large mammal, according to a study by UT Southwestern that provides a strong indication that a lifesaving treatment may… Continue Reading →

How our brain and personality provide protection against emotional distress

If you feel anxious prior to exams, take note: studies suggest that you can learn how to be resilient and manage your stress and anxiety. Researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois… Continue Reading →

Scientists decode opium poppy genome

Scientists have determined the DNA code of the opium poppy genome, uncovering key steps in how the plant evolved to produce the pharmaceutical compounds used to make vital medicines. The discovery may pave the way for scientists to improve yields… Continue Reading →

Researchers are turning to deadly venoms in their quests for life-saving therapies

Venomous reptiles, bugs and marine life have notorious reputations as dangerous, sometimes life-threatening creatures. But in a paper in the current issue of Science, first author Mandë Holford, an associate professor of chemistry and biochemistry at The Graduate Center of… Continue Reading →

Presynapses come in a packet

Synapses are the interfaces for information exchange between neurons. Teams of scientists working with Professor Dr. Volker Haucke, Director at the Leibniz-Forschungsinstitut für Molekulare Pharmakologie (FMP) and Professor at the Freie Universitaet Berlin, and Professor Dr. Stephan Sigrist at the… Continue Reading →

Adapt, move or die: How biodiversity reacted to past climate change

A new paper reviews current knowledge on climate change and biodiversity. In the past, plants and animals reacted to environmental changes by adapting, migrating or going extinct. These findings point to radical changes in biodiversity due to climate change in… Continue Reading →

Children’s bone cancers could remain hidden for years before diagnosis

Scientists have discovered that some childhood bone cancers start growing years before they are currently diagnosed. Researchers at the Wellcome Sanger Institute and Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids), Canada discovered large-scale genetic rearrangements in Ewing Sarcomas and other children's cancers,… Continue Reading →

Predicting how splicing errors impact disease risk

No one knows how many times in a day, or even an hour, the trillions of cells in our body need to make proteins. But we do know that it's going on all the time, on a massive scale. We… Continue Reading →

Drug-resistance of gonorrhea in the EU: Persistent but stable

Neisseria gonorrhoea continues to show high levels of resistance to azithromycin across the European Union and European Economic Area, according to the 2016 results of the European Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Programme (Euro-GASP). This threatens the effectiveness of the currently recommended… Continue Reading →

Climate change projected to boost insect activity and crop loss, researchers say

Scientists have already warned that climate change likely will impact the food we grow. From rising global temperatures to more frequent "extreme" weather events like droughts and floods, climate change is expected to negatively affect our ability to produce food… Continue Reading →

Aspen is making a comeback in and around Yellowstone National Park, because of predators

The reintroduction of wolves into Yellowstone National Park is tied to the recovery of aspen in areas around the park, according to a new study. The study was published today in the journal Ecosphere. This is the first large-scale study… Continue Reading →

Scientists clone virus to help stop overwhelming grape disease

A new discovery by Washington State University scientists could help grape growers roll back a devastating virus that withers vines and shrivels harvests. Named for how it curls the leaves of infected plants, grapevine leafroll disease costs growers millions of… Continue Reading →

Pushing big data to rapidly advance patient care

The breakneck pace of biomedical discovery is outstripping clinicians' ability to incorporate this new knowledge into practice. Charles Friedman, Ph.D. and his colleagues recently wrote an article in the Journal of General Internal Medicine about a possible way to approach… Continue Reading →

Missing men, missing infertility: New research flags up problem

Men are missing from fertility debates and crucial support services because they are often not included in studies and, when they are, it is usually only married, heterosexual men who are asked for data. New research, 'Missing men, missing infertility:… Continue Reading →

New survey reveals 57 percent of Americans have been surprised by a medical bill

Fifty-seven percent of American adults have been surprised by a medical bill that they thought would have been covered by insurance, according to a new AmeriSpeak® survey from NORC at the University of Chicago. Respondents indicated that 20% of their… Continue Reading →

Guidance for preventing C. difficile in neonatal intensive care

Newborns require special diagnosis and treatment considerations for an infectious diarrhea known as Clostridioides difficile (C. difficile) infection, according to a new evidence-based white paper published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare… Continue Reading →

2018 #FPS18 Bayer Grower Panel on Next Gen Ag

The last in the series of Bayer Grower Panels during the Farm Progress Show focused on “Preparing for the next generation of ag – on and off the farm.” Moderated by Pam Fretwell, the panelists included Bob Arndt, Wisconsin farmer,… Continue Reading →

Bayer #FPS18 Grower Panel on Sustainability

The second in the series of grower panels held at the Bayer tent during the Farm Progress Show was delayed to Wednesday morning. Moderating once again was Pam Fretwell. This panel focused on “How sustainable farming practices boost your bottom… Continue Reading →

How does helping people affect your brain? Study shows neurobiological effects of giving social support

Providing "targeted" social support to other people in need activates regions of the brain involved in parental care- which may help researchers understand the positive health effects of social ties, reports a study in Psychosomatic Medicine: Journal of Biobehavioral Medicine,… Continue Reading →

Guiding flight: The fruit fly’s celestial compass

What do ancient seafaring explorers and fruit flies have in common? Caltech researchers have discovered that, similar to nautical navigators of old, fruit flies use celestial cues like the sun to navigate in straight lines. The research is described in… Continue Reading →

Selling access to human specimens: Survey reveals public attitudes

The almost 5 million people who paid to get their DNA analyzed by the company 23andMe recently found out that their genetic data and related health information might have been sold to a major drug company. That's because 23andMe made… Continue Reading →

Information technology jobs outpace most other jobs in productivity and growth since 2004

Jobs in information technology-like computer software, big data, and cybersecurity-are providing American workers with long-lasting financial stability, suggests a new study from the University of British Columbia and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "The future of jobs is in IT,… Continue Reading →

Catalyst advance could lead to economical fuel cells

Researchers at Washington State University have developed a new way to make low-cost, single-atom catalysts for fuel cells — an advance that could make important clean energy technology more economically viable. Their work is published in the Advanced Energy Materials… Continue Reading →

Mapping trees can help count endangered lemurs

The vast majority of lemur species are on the edge of extinction, experts warn. But not every lemur species faces a grim future. There may be as many as 1.3 million white-fronted brown lemurs still in the wild, for example,… Continue Reading →

Launching GROWMARK System University

GROWMARK employees will see a change to how they access training and development opportunities with the launch of GROWMARK System University, or GSU, introduced during the company’s annual meeting in Chicago. “We want to help our employees to understand that… Continue Reading →

Solar eruptions may not have slinky-like shapes after all

As the saying goes, everything old is new again. While the common phrase often refers to fashion, design, or technology, scientists at the University of New Hampshire have found there is some truth to this mantra even when it comes… Continue Reading →

When God is your only friend: Religion and the socially disconnected

Religious people who lack friends and purpose in life turn to God to fill those voids, according to new University of Michigan research. Belonging is related to a sense of purpose. When people feel like they do not belong or… Continue Reading →

Insulin gives an extra boost to the immune system

The role of insulin as a boost to the immune system to improve its ability to fight infection has been detailed for the first time by Toronto General Hospital Research Institute (TGHRI) scientists. TGHRI scientists have identified a specific insulin… Continue Reading →

When neurons turn against themselves

Rasmussen's encephalitis is a rare autoimmune disease that primarily affects children and can lead to seizures. As the disease is resistant to drug treatments, it frequently requires surgical interventions aiming to remove or disconnect the affected part of the brain…. Continue Reading →

Breeder meerkats age faster, but their subordinates still die younger

In many cooperative species, the dominant breeders live longest despite the wear-and-tear of leadership and reproduction. It has even been suggested these breeders hold the secret of immunity to age-related diseases. Some social insects, such as bees, do have breeders… Continue Reading →

Time-restricted feeding improves health in mice with defective circadian clocks

It turns out timing really is everything, at least when it comes to the diets of lab mice that have their circadian clocks disrupted. A new study published in Cell Metabolism is reporting that limiting the times when the animals… Continue Reading →

Human genome could contain up to 20 percent fewer genes, researchers reveal

A new study led by the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO) reveals that up to 20% of genes classified as coding (those that produce the proteins that are the building blocks of all living things) may not be coding… Continue Reading →

Discovery of long-lived macrophages in the intestine

Macrophages are specialised immune cells that destroy bacteria and other harmful organisms. KU Leuven scientists, Belgium, have come to the surprising conclusion that some macrophages in the intestines of mice can survive for quite some time. Most importantly, these long-lived… Continue Reading →

Nonlinear ghost imaging: Research could lead to better security scanners

Using a single pixel camera and terahertz electromagnetic waves, a team of physicists at the University of Sussex has devised a blueprint that could lead to the development of better airport scanners capable of detecting explosives. Miss Luana Olivieri, PhD… Continue Reading →

Heritability explains fast-learning chicks

Both genetic and environmental factors explain cognitive traits, shows a new study carried out on red junglefowl. Researchers at Linköping University in Sweden have shown that the ability of fowl to cope with difficult learning tasks is heritable, while their… Continue Reading →

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