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Month

October 2018

Bolsonaro of Brazil: Slayer of the Amazon

Brazil’s new president’s embrace of corporations puts the Amazon rainforest and indigenous communities at risk In Memory of Chico Mendes (1944–1988) Fishing with Testosterone In January 2012, Jair Bolsonaro was arrested for fishing inside the Tamoios Ecological Station. This station… Continue Reading →

Vote for Regeneration!

This is could be most the important election you will ever vote in. You've got one week to get involved and make a difference! Start by finding your personalized ballot at Vote411.org. Then, check out our endorsements of the most… Continue Reading →

Women Farmers Earn About $58,000 a Year – But They Still Outearn Their Male Counterparts

Kriss Marion wasn't planning to become a farmer when she moved to Blanchardville, Wisconsin. The goal was to get out into green space with her family and be around farms, she tells CNBC Make It. But after working on farms… Continue Reading →

Hunting with a Can-Am Mossy Oak Edition

It’s deer hunting time in Georgia. This year the Crystal Pig Hunt Club (CPHC) members are getting to roll in camo style with a machine that is built to handle some pretty rough terrain. The Can-Am Defender Mossy Oak Hunting… Continue Reading →

Tests to Detect Gene-Edited GMO Traits Could Be Available Within a Year

Tests to detect products developed using new gene editing techniques could be available within a year, according to a GMO testing expert. John Fagan, CEO of Health Research Institute and a molecular biologist who pioneered an early GMO test, says… Continue Reading →

How to Avoid Hormone-Disrupting Cosmetics

It may be surprising to learn the average American woman uses 12 personal care products each day, containing nearly 168 different chemicals.1 Although the European Union (EU) has been proactively regulating the number of chemicals their consumers are exposed to… Continue Reading →

Campbell Soup VP Who Tweeted Soros Conspiracy Is Out

The Campbell Soup lobbyist who said George Soros' foundation was assisting a caravan of migrants bound for the United States is no longer with the company. Kelly Johnston, formerly Campbell's vice president of government affairs, tweeted on Monday that the… Continue Reading →

Humanity Has Wiped out 60% of Animal Populations Since 1970, Report Finds

The huge loss is a tragedy in itself but also threatens the survival of civilisation, say the world’s leading scientists Humanity has wiped out 60% of mammals, birds, fish and reptiles since 1970, leading the world’s foremost experts to warn… Continue Reading →

Appendix identified as a potential starting point for Parkinson’s disease

Removing the appendix early in life reduces the risk of developing Parkinson's disease by 19 to 25 percent, according to the largest and most comprehensive study of its kind, published today in Science Translational Medicine. The findings also solidify the… Continue Reading →

Controlling future summer weather extremes still within our grasp

Continued burning of fossil fuels is likely to fuel even more extreme summers than that of 2018 because of its impact on the jet stream. The rapid disappearance of aerosols produced by pollution may, however, mitigate the impact until mid-century… Continue Reading →

Astronomers discover the giant that shaped the early days of our Milky Way

Some ten billion years ago, the Milky Way merged with a large galaxy. The stars from this partner, named Gaia-Enceladus, make up most of the Milky Way's halo and also shaped its thick disk, giving it its inflated form. A… Continue Reading →

Dinosaurs put all colored birds’ eggs in one basket, evolutionarily speaking

A new study says the colors found in modern birds' eggs did not evolve independently, as previously thought, but evolved instead from dinosaurs. According to researchers at Yale, the American Museum of Natural History, and the University of Bonn, birds… Continue Reading →

Changes to RNA aid the process of learning and memory

RNA carries pieces of instructions encoded in DNA to coordinate the production of proteins that will carry out the work to be done in a cell. But the process isn't always straightforward. Chemical modifications to DNA or RNA can alter… Continue Reading →

Decoding how brain circuits control behavior

The mouse brain contains roughly 80 million neurons, all packed into a space about the size of a hazelnut. Those cells come in a vast assortment of shapes and sizes, and their connections with one another number in the billions… Continue Reading →

Flexy, flat and functional magnets

In the nanoworld, magnetism has proven to be truly surprising. Just a few atoms thick, magnetic 2D materials could help to satisfy scientists' curiosities and fulfil dreams for ever-smaller post-silicon electronics. An international research team led by PARK Je-Geun at… Continue Reading →

Naturally occurring ‘batteries’ fueled organic carbon synthesis on Mars

Mars' organic carbon may have originated from a series of electrochemical reactions between briny liquids and volcanic minerals, according to new analyses of three Martian meteorites from a team led by Carnegie's Andrew Steele published in Science Advances. The group's… Continue Reading →

Unique type of skeletal stem cells found in ‘resting zone’ are actually hard at work

Skeletal stem cells are valuable because it's thought they can heal many types of bone injury, but they're difficult to find because researchers don't know exactly what they look like or where they live. Researchers at the University of Michigan… Continue Reading →

A comprehensive ‘parts list’ of the brain built from its components, the cells

Neuroscientists at the Allen Institute have moved one step closer to understanding the complete list of cell types in the brain. In the most comprehensive study of its kind to date, published today on the cover of the journal Nature,… Continue Reading →

Breakthrough in treating paralysis

Three paraplegics who sustained cervical spinal cord injuries many years ago are now able to walk with the aid of crutches or a walker thanks to new rehabilitation protocols that combine targeted electrical stimulation of the lumbar spinal cord and… Continue Reading →

Earth’s oceans have absorbed 60 percent more heat than previously thought

For each year during the past quarter century, the world's oceans have absorbed an amount of heat energy that is 150 times the energy humans produce as electricity annually, according to a study led by researchers at Princeton and the… Continue Reading →

A wilderness ‘horror story’

Producing the first comprehensive fine-scale map of the world's remaining marine and terrestrial wild places, conservation scientists writing in the journal Nature say that just 23 percent of the world's landmass can now be considered wilderness, with the rest —… Continue Reading →

Alltech Yeast Products Help Dairy Efficiency

Alltech knows very well the benefits of using live yeast in a feed ration, and Territory Sales Manager Kurt Peterson was talking to farmers about that at the 2018 World Dairy Expo. “Right now, everybody is aware of low milk… Continue Reading →

Machines that learn language more like kids do

Children learn language by observing their environment, listening to the people around them, and connecting the dots between what they see and hear. Among other things, this helps children establish their language's word order, such as where subjects and verbs… Continue Reading →

Eco-friendly waterproof polymer films synthesized using novel method

In a paper published in NANO, a researcher from the Department of Chemistry at Myongji University has applied a novel method to control the wettability of polymeric substrates, which has numerous practical implications. How can nano-sized polymer thin films with… Continue Reading →

Aging dormice shorten their hibernation for more reproduction

Edible dormice are extremely long-lived for their size thanks to their seasonal dormancy. The animals are veritable record holders in this "discipline," with hibernation periods lasting between at least six and a maximum of eleven months. The factors influencing the… Continue Reading →

Bose-Einstein condensate generated in space for the first time

A team of scientists from Germany has succeeded in creating a Bose-Einstein condensate for the first time in space on board a research rocket. On January 23, 2017 at 3:30 a.m. Central European Time, the MAIUS-1 mission was launched into… Continue Reading →

Estonian soil is surprisingly rich in species, researchers find

Due to its biodiversity and probably huge number of taxa waiting to be discovered, soil fauna has been called the poor man's rain forest. If a researcher cannot head for a collecting trip to the tropics at the moment but… Continue Reading →

Hard cider, with a shot of sugar

Autumn is the season for falling leaves, pumpkin-spice-flavored everything and apple cider. Yet new research indicates that, in addition to alcohol, some hard ciders may contain a hefty dose of added sugar, which may not be disclosed on the label…. Continue Reading →

Photos in social media reveal socio-cultural value of landscapes

Every day, users upload millions of photos on platforms, such as Flickr, Instagram or Facebook. A study of researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) now shows that these photos can be used to assess the social importance of certain… Continue Reading →

Wearable heating pad with nanowires to conduct heat

Sometimes nothing feels better on stiff, aching joints than a little heat. But many heating pads and wraps are rigid and provide uneven warmth, especially when the person is moving around. Researchers have now made a wearable heater by modifying… Continue Reading →

Could bariatric surgery make men more virile?

Men who have undergone bariatric surgery as a long-term way of losing weight might also benefit from increased testosterone levels post-surgery. However, there is no evidence that the sperm quality of a patient improves. These are the findings of a… Continue Reading →

Cytokine levels could predict immunotherapy problems

The development of immunotherapy, which mobilizes the body's own immune system to destroy cancer cells, is one of the greatest advances in cancer treatment, but immunotherapy can cause harm to healthy tissue in some patients. Researchers at UT Southwestern have… Continue Reading →

Precision Ag Bytes 10/31

AGTools, Inc. has created and launched a brand-new online tool enabling the agriculture industry to improve decision making, reduce waste, and increase revenue. The tool is the first of its kind in the agriculture industry designed to help farmers by… Continue Reading →

Giant flightless birds were nocturnal and possibly blind

If you encountered an elephant bird today, it would be hard to miss. Measuring in at over 10 feet tall, the extinct avian is the largest bird known to science. However, while you looked up in awe, it's likely that… Continue Reading →

A fully human system to cultivate skin cells for grafting

Breakthrough research to culture human skin cells called keratinocytes to produce skin grafts has been published by a team of researchers from Duke-NUS Medical School and the Singapore General Hospital (SGH). This method is the first to use a specific… Continue Reading →

Three types of depression identified

According to the World Health Organization, nearly 300 million people worldwide suffer from depression and these rates are on the rise. Yet, doctors and scientists have a poor understanding of what causes this debilitating condition and for some who experience… Continue Reading →

NASA retires Kepler Space Telescope

After nine years in deep space collecting data that indicate our sky to be filled with billions of hidden planets — more planets even than stars — NASA's Kepler space telescope has run out of fuel needed for further science… Continue Reading →

Staggering extent of human impact on planet revealed in new report

Humanity and the way we feed, fuel and finance our societies and economies is pushing nature and the services that power and sustain us to the brink, according to WWF's Living Planet Report 2018. The report presents a sobering picture… Continue Reading →

Organic Dairy Farmers Kevin and Lisa Engelbert On a Movement They Helped Shape

Mud-flecked roads snake through the hills of Nichols, New York, a sparsely settled town tucked under a bend in the Susquehanna River just north of the Pennsylvania border. Weeks’ worth of late-September rain has left behind soggy pastures full of… Continue Reading →

AI systems shed light on root cause of religious conflict: Humanity is not naturally violent

Artificial intelligence can help us to better understand the causes of religious violence and to potentially control it, according to a new Oxford University collaboration. The study is one of the first to be published that uses psychologically realistic AI… Continue Reading →

Most detailed observations of material orbiting close to a black hole

ESO's exquisitely sensitive GRAVITY instrument has added further evidence to the long-standing assumption that a supermassive black hole lurks in the centre of the Milky Way. New observations show clumps of gas swirling around at about 30% of the speed… Continue Reading →

Charles Benbrook: New Study Showing Organic Diets Cut Cancer Risk Is a Big Deal. Let's Treat It That Way.

No study is perfect—but recent findings that organic food consumption cuts cancer risk highlights an opportunity to tackle a deadly, expensive health crisis More than 1.7 million Americans will be newly diagnosed with cancer in 2018, and 35 percent of… Continue Reading →

Regenerative Agriculture: What It Means and Why It Matters

“Regenerative agriculture” is a buzzworthy phrase being thrown around by the food industry, similar to the way the word “sustainability” has been in years past. But what does “regenerative agriculture” mean? And why is the food industry using it? Well,… Continue Reading →

Big Brands Pledge to Turn Tide on Global Plastic Waste

Big brands – from Coke to Kellogg – pledged on Monday to cut all plastic waste from their operations in what the United Nations called the most ambitious effort yet to fight plastic pollution. The initiative comes as public pressure… Continue Reading →

New brain region that suppresses fear identified

A study conducted at Texas A&M University has identified a new area in the brain involved in inhibiting fear, a discovery that holds potential for clinical interventions in patients with psychiatric diseases such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The article… Continue Reading →

How people perceive cities and suburbs is not merely a matter of boundary lines

Individual perceptions about safety and school quality play critical roles in how people define their communities, and these subjective social factors can influence the notion of what separates a city from its suburbs just as physical boundaries traditionally make that… Continue Reading →

Lifespan and sexual maturity depends on your brain more than your body

New Vanderbilt research finds how long humans and other warm-blooded animals live — and when they reach sexual maturity — may have more to do with their brain than their body. More specifically, it is not animals with larger bodies… Continue Reading →

Potential flaw in our assumptions about unknown opinions of others

In our decisions about whether to invest in a certain company, buy tickets to a movie or vote for a political candidate, we are often influenced by what others think. But how exactly do we figure out what others think?… Continue Reading →

Laser technique may open door to more efficient clean fuels

Research by the University of Liverpool could help scientists unlock the full potential of new clean energy technologies. Finding sustainable ways to replace fossil fuels is a key priority for researchers across the globe. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a hugely… Continue Reading →

Tiny light detectors work like gecko ears

Geckos and many other animals have heads that are too small to triangulate the location of noises the way we do, with widely spaced ears. Instead, they have a tiny tunnel through their heads that measures the way incoming sound… Continue Reading →

Commercial shellfish landings decline likely linked to environmental factors

Researchers studying the sharp decline between 1980 and 2010 in documented landings of the four most commercially-important bivalve mollusks — eastern oysters, northern quahogs, softshell clams and northern bay scallops — have identified the causes. Warming ocean temperatures associated with… Continue Reading →

How plants cope with stress

The future looks challenging for plants. Climate change is forecast to bring widespread drought to parts of the planet already struggling with dry conditions. To mitigate the potentially devastating effects to agriculture, researchers are seeking strategies to help plants withstand… Continue Reading →

Mutation associated with ALS causes sugar-starved cells to overproduce lipids, study shows

A genetic defect tied to a variety of neurodegenerative diseases and mental illnesses changes how cells starved of sugar metabolize fatty compounds known as lipids, a new study led by researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health… Continue Reading →

Single protein controls thousands of genes essential for sperm development

A single protein regulates a battery of key genes inside developing sperm, according to a new study out of Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine. Scientists discovered the protein — called Dazl — controls a network of genes essential… Continue Reading →

CRISPR gene editing will find applications in plastic and reconstructive surgery

The CRISPR genome editing technique promises to be a "transformative leap" in genetic engineering and therapy, affecting almost every area of medicine. That includes plastic surgery, with potential advances ranging from prevention of craniofacial malformations, to therapeutic skin grafts, to… Continue Reading →

Facial asymmetry increases with age

Asymmetry between the two sides of the face increases steadily with aging — a finding with important implications for facial rejuvenation and reconstructive procedures, reports a study in the November issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®. Three-dimensional digital imaging techniques… Continue Reading →

One month of abstinence from cannabis improves memory in adolescents, young adults

A Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) study finds that one month of abstaining from cannabis use resulted in measurable improvement in memory functions important for learning among adolescents and young adults who are regular cannabis users. The study published in the… Continue Reading →

Solving a 100-year mystery in blood pressure research

The baroreceptor reflex is a fascinating medical phenomenon. The reflex is controlled by specialized neurons that react in just a fraction of a second to keep blood pressure fairly consistent. For example, when you stand up, your blood pressure normally… Continue Reading →

Making a transparent flexible material of silk and nanotubes

The silk fibers produced by Bombyx mori, the domestic silkworm, has been prized for millennia as a strong yet lightweight and luxurious material. Although synthetic polymers like nylon and polyester are less costly, they do not compare to silk's natural… Continue Reading →

Study reconstructs Neanderthal ribcage, offers new clues to ancient human anatomy

An international team of scientists has completed the first 3D virtual reconstruction of the ribcage of the most complete Neanderthal skeleton unearthed to date, potentially shedding new light on how this ancient human moved and breathed. The team, which included… Continue Reading →

Scientists call for unified standards in 3D genome and epigenetic data

Just as a map of the world is more than a list of places and street names, the genome is more than a string of letters. A complex choreography of proteins and nucleic acids interact differentially over time in the… Continue Reading →

Brain-inspired methods to improve wireless communications

Researchers are always seeking more reliable and more efficient communications, for everything from televisions and cellphones to satellites and medical devices. One technique generating buzz for its high signal quality is a combination of multiple-input multiple-output techniques with orthogonal frequency… Continue Reading →

Specific networks in brain present much earlier than previously thought

A team of researchers from the University of Minnesota Medical School, the Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience, and the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, have used the brain's spontaneously generated patterns of activity to glean novel insights into network… Continue Reading →

Flexible, stable and potent against cancer

Linking therapeutically active molecules to specific antibodies can help to pilot them to their designated targets and minimize side effects — especially when treating tumors. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, scientists have now described novel conjugates made from antibodies and… Continue Reading →

Preventing sudden cardiac death with genome editing

Each year, at least 3 million people worldwide die of sudden cardiac death. In the U.S., this number reaches up to 450,000 people. Although sudden cardiac death is more common in older adults, younger people also are significantly affected. In… Continue Reading →

Trapping atoms, not space ships, with tractor beams

University of Adelaide researchers have delved into the realm of Star Wars and created a powerful tractor beam — or light-driven energy trap — for atoms. Rather than sucking space-ships into a space-station, this tractor beam pulls atoms into a… Continue Reading →

Deere Celebrates 75 Years of FFA Sponsorship

John Deere commemorated 75 years of partnership with the National FFA Organization at the 91st annual convention and expo last week in Indianapolis. To celebrate, John Deere provided a $75,000 contribution to the FFA Living to Serve Platform, as well… Continue Reading →

ExEx18 Keynote Stresses U.S. Trade Advantages

North America is a leader in both trade and increasing food production for the world, trade needs to grow to provide global food security, trade is already complex so we should work to eliminate unnecessary complexities, and we need to… Continue Reading →

How to feed a cat: Consensus statement to the veterinary community

The American Association of Feline Practitioners (AAFP) today released the AAFP Consensus Statement, "Feline Feeding Programs: Addressing Behavioral Needs to Improve Feline Health and Wellbeing" and accompanying client brochure to the veterinary community. The Consensus Statement, published in the Journal… Continue Reading →

Eurasian perch genome assembled

In a study published recently in the scientific journal G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics, researchers from Estonian University of Life Sciences in collaboration with colleagues from University of Turku assembled Eurasian perch (Latin name, Perca fluviatilis) genome, which is three times… Continue Reading →

How the world’s fastest muscle created four unique bird species

When the male bearded manakin snaps its wings at lightning speed, it's more than part of an elaborate, acrobatic mating ritual. The tiny muscle doing the heavy lifting is also the reason this exotic bird has evolved into four distinct… Continue Reading →

Pedestrian fatalities increase on Halloween, particularly among children

Children are more likely to be fatally struck by a vehicle on Halloween than on other nights of the year, according to new research led by the University of British Columbia. The study, published today in JAMA Pediatrics, found a… Continue Reading →

Owls help scientists unlock secret of how the brain pays attention

By studying barn owls, scientists at Johns Hopkins University believe they've taken an important step toward solving the longstanding mystery of how the brain chooses what most deserves attention. The finding, the cover article in the latest issue of the… Continue Reading →

Young men more likely to die in summer, older people in winter despite local climate

Young men living in the US are overall more likely to die in the summer months, according to a new study in eLife. The trend is just one of several highlighted in an analysis spanning nearly four decades, which will… Continue Reading →

Simple, mass production of giant vesicles using a porous silicone material

A technique to generate large amounts of giant vesicle (liposome) dispersion has been developed. The technique involves adsorbing a lipid into a silicone porous material resembling a "marshmallow-like gel" and then squeezing it out like a sponge by impregnating a… Continue Reading →

Berkeley computer theorists show path to verifying that quantum beats classical

As multiple research groups around the world race to build a scalable quantum computer, questions remain about how the achievement of quantum supremacy will be verified. Quantum supremacy is the term that describes a quantum computer's ability to solve a… Continue Reading →

Tiny beetle trapped in amber might show how landmasses shifted

In 2016, Shuhei Yamamoto obtained a penny-sized piece of Burmese amber from Hukawng Valley in northern Myanmar, near China's southern border. He had a hunch that the three-millimeter insect trapped inside the amber could help ansshow why our world today… Continue Reading →

How LSD changes perception

LSD changes the communication patterns between regions of the brain, a new study by researchers of the University of Zurich and Yale University shows. The study also provides insights into how mental health disorders develop and how these could be… Continue Reading →

These new techniques expose your browsing history to attackers

Security researchers at UC San Diego and Stanford have discovered four new ways to expose Internet users' browsing histories. These techniques could be used by hackers to learn which websites users have visited as they surf the web. The techniques… Continue Reading →

New species of Swallowtail butterfly discovered in Fiji

A spectacular new butterfly species has been discovered on the Pacific Island of Vanua Levu in Fiji. The species, named last week as Papilio natewa after the Natewa Peninsula where it was found, is a remarkable discovery in a location… Continue Reading →

An end to arachnophobia ‘just a heartbeat away’

Researchers have discovered that exposing people with phobias to their fear — for examples, spiders for those who have arachnophobia — at the exact time their heart beats, led to the phobia reducing in severity. Hugo Critchley, Chair of Psychiatry… Continue Reading →

New anatomic structure in the ankle described

According to the guidelines of human anatomy, the ligaments in the ankle are grouped structured by two ligament complexes: the lateral collateral ligament -in the side of the joint and formed by three independent ligaments- and the medial or deltoid… Continue Reading →

Generation Z stressed about issues in the news but least likely to vote

Headline issues, from immigration to sexual assault, are causing significant stress among members of Generation Z — those between ages 15 and 21 — with mass shootings topping the list of stressful current events, according to the American Psychological Association's… Continue Reading →

Promising new target for immunotherapy

Following the 2018 Nobel Prize for Medicine, global attention is now more than ever turned toward the promise of immunotherapy in oncology. An international team's work has shed new light on a molecule called TIM-3 that might play a key… Continue Reading →

Modelling a future fuelled by sustainable energy

University of Adelaide economists have modelled the transition from a world powered by fossil fuels to one in which sustainable sources supply all our energy needs. Dr Raul Barreto, Senior Lecturer from the University's School of Economics, has examined the… Continue Reading →

Photosynthesis like a moss

Moss evolved after algae but before vascular land plants, such as ferns and trees, making them an interesting target for scientists studying photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight to fuel. Now researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence… Continue Reading →

Advertising in kids’ apps more prevalent than parents may realize

From games inspired by popular TV shows to digital play labeled as educational, children's apps continue to explode on smartphones and tablets. But parents may not realize that while their little ones are learning letters and numbers or enjoying virtual… Continue Reading →

Vitamin D levels in the blood linked to cardiorespiratory fitness

Vitamin D levels in the blood are linked to cardiorespiratory fitness, according to a study published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a publication of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). "Our study shows that higher levels of… Continue Reading →

How some heart cells cope with high blood pressure

Individual cells within the same heart cope differently with high blood pressure, according to a study in human cells and mice by a team of cardiologists and computational biologists at the University of Tokyo. This is the first time researchers… Continue Reading →

The 10-foot-tall microscopes helping combat world’s worst diseases

The century old mission to understand how the proteins responsible for amyloid-based diseases such as Alzheimer's, Huntingdon's and Parkinson's work has taken major steps forward in the last 12 months, thanks to a revolution in a powerful microscopy technique used… Continue Reading →

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