Agro∼News

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Date

November 1, 2018

EPA Adds Restrictions to Use of Bayer, BASF Weed Killer Linked to Crop Damage

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency said on Wednesday it would allow farmers to spray a controversial weed killer made by Bayer AG’s Monsanto Co and BASF SE for two more years, with additional restrictions on use. The agency said the… Continue Reading →

Soil Organic Matter Is the Secret to Good Food

The majority of food produced as meats in the U.S. comes from concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs), industrialized systems that, by their very nature, degrade the ecosystems around them. But “to be economical and efficient, farming needs healthy ecosystems,” notes… Continue Reading →

Animal Waste From Factory Farms Poses Risk to Public Health and Destroys Waterways

Concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) — gigantic factory farms that hold many thousands of animals in a warehouse-style setting — are an environmental disaster in more ways than one, and when hurricanes hit, this fact becomes acutely obvious when animal… Continue Reading →

We Cannot Recycle and Beach Clean Our Way Out of a Plastics Crisis

In the few minutes it will take you to read this article, another five truckloads of plastic will have been dumped in the ocean. The consequences of this are far-reaching, and evidence is growing that people around the world are… Continue Reading →

Unique immunity genes in one widespread coral species

A new study led by researchers at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science found that a common coral species might have evolved unique immune strategies to cope with environmental change. Roughly 30 percent of… Continue Reading →

Take a lot of sick days? Who you know and where you live might be partly to blame

New research led by Lijun Song, associate professor of sociology at Vanderbilt University, and graduate student Phillip Pettis suggests that knowing people in high and diverse positions may be good or bad for your health. The culprit? Economic inequality. Song… Continue Reading →

Heat-resistant enzymes could produce more cost-effective drugs

A new study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences could change the way scientists look at one of the most essential enzymes in medicine in hopes of designing better and more cost-effective drugs in the future. Enzymes… Continue Reading →

Viewing serotonin activating its receptor for the first time

Serotonin (3A) receptors are common drug targets in the treatment of pain, gastrointestinal dysfunctions, and mood disorders yet little is known about their three-dimensional structure. Details about serotonin receptor structures could provide important clues to designing better drugs with less… Continue Reading →

Groundskeeper Accepts Reduced $78 Million Monsanto Verdict

A Northern California groundskeeper said Wednesday that he will accept a judge’s reduced verdict of $78 million against Monsanto after a jury found the company’s weed killer caused his cancer. DeWayne Johnson’s attorney formally informed the San Francisco Superior Court… Continue Reading →

NAMA Launches Student Sales Competition

The National Agri-Marketing Association (NAMA) is announcing plans to launch a new competition for student members in conjunction with the 2019 Agri-Marketing Conference in Kansas City. The competition will take place on Tuesday, April 9. The Student NAMA Sales Competition… Continue Reading →

Supply chain transparency needed to combat soaring insulin costs

Spiraling insulin costs have created a dangerous barrier for many people with diabetes who need to access lifesaving treatments. The Endocrine Society is calling on stakeholders across the supply chain to help reduce out-of-pocket costs for people with diabetes. More… Continue Reading →

Editing nature: A call for careful oversight of environmental gene editing

In Burkina Faso, the government is considering the use of genetically modified mosquitoes to eradicate malaria. In Nantucket, Mass., officials are looking at gene editing as a tool in the fight against Lyme disease. And scientists are using gene technology… Continue Reading →

Atomic path from insulator to metal messier than thought

Researchers have peeked behind the curtain of the ultrafast phase transition of vanadium dioxide and found its atomic theatrics are much more complicated than they thought. It's a material that has fascinated scientists for decades for its ability to shift… Continue Reading →

Quantum on the edge: Light shines on new pathway for quantum technology

Scientists in Australia have for the first time demonstrated the protection of correlated states between paired photons — packets of light energy — using the intriguing physical concept of topology. This experimental breakthrough opens a pathway to build a new… Continue Reading →

Long-term prognosis of Chagas patients improved with anti-parasite drug

Researchers have found that the anti-parasite drug benznidazole may improve the long-term prognoses of patients with chronic Chagas disease, according to a study published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, by Clareci Silva Cardoso at the Federal University of São João… Continue Reading →

New study offers hope for patients suffering from a rare form of blindness

A new form of therapy may halt or even reverse a form of progressive vision loss that, until now, has inevitably led to blindness. This hyper-targeted approach offers hope to individuals living with spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 (SCA7) and validates… Continue Reading →

Bioluminescent substance discovered in Brazilian cave worm larva

An insect larva found in the caves of Intervales State Park, an Atlantic Rainforest remnant in the municipality of Ribeirão Grande, São Paulo State, Brazil, was initially of no interest to the research group led by biochemist Vadim Viviani, a… Continue Reading →

RNA defects linked to multiple myeloma progression in high risk patients

Multiple myeloma (MM) is the second most common type of blood cancer where cancer cells accumulate in the bone marrow, crowding out healthy blood cells. Studies on MM development have traditionally focused mostly on DNA abnormalities, but a team of… Continue Reading →

How invading jumping genes are thwarted

Since Carnegie Institution's Barbara McClintock received her Nobel Prize on her discovery of jumping genes in 1983, we have learned that almost half of our DNA is made up of jumping genes — called transposons. Given their ability of jumping… Continue Reading →

Yangtze dams put endangered sturgeon’s future in doubt

Before the damming of the Yangtze River in 1981, Chinese sturgeon swam freely each summer one after another into the river's mouth, continuing upriver while fasting all along the way. They bred in the upper spawning ground the following fall… Continue Reading →

Immigration to the United States changes a person’s microbiome

Researchers at the University of Minnesota and the Somali, Latino, and Hmong Partnership for Health and Wellness have new evidence that the gut microbiota of immigrants and refugees rapidly Westernize after a person's arrival in the United States. The study… Continue Reading →

Reducing US coal emissions through biomass and carbon capture would boost employment

While the need for solutions for the impending consequences of rising global temperatures has become increasingly urgent, many people have expressed concerns about the loss of jobs as current technologies like coal-fired power plants are phased out. A new study… Continue Reading →

Glutamine metabolism affects T cell signaling and function

The cellular nutrient glutamine launches a metabolic signaling pathway that promotes the function of some immune system T cells and suppresses others, Vanderbilt researchers have discovered. They show that a drug that inhibits glutamine metabolism — currently in clinical trials… Continue Reading →

Twenty years on, measuring the impact of human stem cells

In November 1998, the world was introduced to human embryonic stem cells, the blank slate cells that arise at the earliest stages of development and that go on to become any of the scores of cell types that make up… Continue Reading →

With a little help from their friends

Fungi and other filamentous microbes called oomycetes cause many devastating plant diseases and are together responsible for more than 10% of all crop loss. A groundbreaking new study now shows that even healthy plants host potentially harmful fungi and oomycetes… Continue Reading →

High exposure to radio frequency radiation associated with cancer in male rats

The National Toxicology Program (NTP) concluded there is clear evidence that male rats exposed to high levels of radio frequency radiation (RFR) like that used in 2G and 3G cell phones developed cancerous heart tumors, according to final reports released… Continue Reading →

Fatal measles case highlights importance of herd immunity in protecting the vulnerable

Last year, a 26-year-old man receiving treatment for leukemia went to a Swiss hospital's emergency room with a fever, a sore throat, and a cough, and was admitted. His condition worsened, and 17 days later, he died from severe complications… Continue Reading →

‘Cryptic’ interactions drive biodiversity decline near the edge of forest fragments

When humans cut contiguous tropical forests into smaller fragments, ecologists say, forests along the edges of those fragments tend to experience a number of changes (e.g. higher temperatures, lower humidity), collectively known as "edge effects." One such edge effect is… Continue Reading →

The protein Matrin-3 determines the fate of neural stem cells in brain development

A research group from Kumamoto University, Japan has discovered a new neurogenic mechanism responsible for brain development. By applying proprietary technology to detect trace proteins in living organisms, they found that a novel protein, called Matrin-3, is responsible for determining… Continue Reading →

Bee diversity and richness decline as anthropogenic activity increases, scientists confirm

Changes in land use negatively affect bee species richness and diversity, and cause major shifts in species composition, reports a recent study of native wild bees, conducted at the Sierra de Quila Flora and Fauna Protection Area and its influence… Continue Reading →

Zebrafish larvae help in search for appetite suppressants

Researchers at the University of Zurich and Harvard University have developed a new strategy in the search for psychoactive drugs. By analyzing the behavior of larval zebrafish, they can filter out substances with unwanted side effects right from the start…. Continue Reading →

A shortcut in the global sulfur cycle

Sulphur is found in many different compounds throughout the world — not only in the atmosphere, but also in the oceans and on land. All these manifestations are connected in a cycle. To put things simply, the element in its… Continue Reading →

Fear of disloyalty drives bias against bicultural immigrants

Members of a majority group tend to hold negative views of minority-group individuals who claim more than one identity, according to new Yale-led research. The negative bias is driven by fear that dual-identity individuals will be disloyal to the majority,… Continue Reading →

People link body shapes with personality traits

When we meet new people, our first impressions of their personality may depend, at least in part, on their body shape, according to research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. "Our research shows that… Continue Reading →

Cluster of cocaine-fentanyl overdoses in Philadelphia underscores need for more ‘test strips’ and rapid response

Penn Medicine emergency department physicians are calling for more readily available testing strips to identify the presence of fentanyl in patients experiencing a drug overdose, and a rapid, coordinated response among health care providers and city agencies to help curb… Continue Reading →

New study finds evidence of brain injuries in football players at surprisingly young age

There have been more and more cases confirming that repeated hits to the head have lifelong consequences for professional football players, but a new study by Orlando Health in collaboration with the Concussion Neuroimaging Consortium finds evidence of lasting effects… Continue Reading →

People with Internet addiction react the worst when WiFi fails

Do you get frustrated and angry when your WiFi connection stops working? It could be because of your personality. When digital technology stops working, people with a fear of missing out (FOMO) — the anxiety that you're missing a social… Continue Reading →

New tech delivers high-tech film that blocks electromagnetic interference

Electromagnetic interference (EMI), which can harm smartphones, tablets, chips, drones, wearables, and even aircraft and human health, is increasing with the explosive proliferation of devices that generate it. The market for EM-blocking solutions, which employ conductive or magnetic materials, is… Continue Reading →

Tennis elbow treatments provide little to no benefit, study finds

The painful condition known as "tennis elbow" results from overuse of the tendons in the forearm, typically in a patient's dominant arm. A repetitive stress injury, tennis elbow affects not just athletes, but also tradesmen, food industry workers, manufacturers and… Continue Reading →

Zika circulates among wild animals in the Americas, making eradication nearly impossible

A collaborative group of researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston and the Faculty of Medicine of Sao Jose do Rio in Brazil is the first to report that wild monkeys in the Americas are transmitting the… Continue Reading →

Drugs from dirt

For decades, doctors have been using antibiotics to fight tuberculosis (TB). And consistently, the microbe responsible for the disease, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, has been fighting back. When confronted with current drugs, such as the antibiotic rifamycin, the bacterium often mutates in… Continue Reading →

Impact of mercury-controlling policies shrinks with every five-year delay, study finds

Mercury is an incredibly stubborn toxin. Once it is emitted from the smokestacks of coal-fired power plants, among other sources, the gas can drift through the atmosphere for up to a year before settling into oceans and lakes. It can… Continue Reading →

Where water goes after fracking is tied to earthquake risk

In addition to producing oil and gas, the energy industry produces a lot of water, about 10 barrels of water per barrel of oil on average. New research led by The University of Texas at Austin has found that where… Continue Reading →

Chemists develop safe alternatives to phthalates used in plastics

Researchers at UC Santa Cruz have developed safer alternatives to the phthalate plasticizers used to enhance the suppleness, flexibility, and longevity of plastics. The problem with phthalates is that they leach out of plastics into food, water, and the environment,… Continue Reading →

Strengthening self-regulation in childhood may improve resiliency later in life

Millions of families live in poverty in the United States. Associated stressors can often lead to adverse life experiences for children in those families, and negative socioemotional outcomes later in life. Family-centered programs are a well-supported way of buffering against… Continue Reading →

Children who experience violence early in life develop faster

A study in Biological Psychiatry has shown that exposure to violence early in life — such as physical, emotional, or sexual abuse — is associated with faster biological aging, including pubertal development and a cellular metric of biological aging called… Continue Reading →

Seeing cell membranes in a new light

If you want to understand how the cell membrane works, Adam Cohen says, look no further than your kitchen. Cohen, a Professor of Chemistry and Chemical Biology and of Physics, is the lead author of a new study that upends… Continue Reading →

Cancer drug insight tactic could spell double trouble for tumors

A new way of identifying potential cancer drugs could streamline the development of therapies, following a discovery by scientists. Researchers have devised a way to screen potential drug compounds to select those that interfere with tumour cells in two ways…. Continue Reading →

Single women freeze their eggs to avoid ‘panic parenting,’ study finds

Most single women who freeze their eggs for non-medical reasons are doing so to avoid 'panic parenting' (entering into unwise relationships to have a genetically-related child), a new study published in Human Fertility finds. The research also indicates that clinics… Continue Reading →

Older fathers associated with increased birth risks, study reports

A decade of data documenting live births in the United States links babies of older fathers with a variety of increased risks at birth, including low birth weight and seizures, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford… Continue Reading →

To ward off fatty liver, breast is best for mom

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Kaiser Permanente have discovered that mothers who breastfed a child or children for six months or more are at lower risk for developing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) years… Continue Reading →

Mystery of the ‘bird from Atlantis’ solved

The world's smallest flightless bird can be found on Inaccessible Island in the middle of the South Atlantic. Less than 100 years ago, researchers believed that this species of bird once wandered there on land extensions now submerged in water,… Continue Reading →

EPA Extends Dicamba Registration with Label Changes

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has announced that it is extending the registration of dicamba for two years for “over-the-top” use (application to growing plants) to control weeds in fields for cotton and soybean plants genetically engineered to resist… Continue Reading →

Professor Weifeng Zhang Wins IFA Norman Borlaug Award

Professor Weifeng Zhang from the China Agricultural University in Beijing has been awarded the International Fertilizer Association’s Norman Borlaug Award for steering China towards smarter fertilizer use while also improving productivity. At the turn of the century China faced one… Continue Reading →

Workers without paid sick leave endure significant financial worries

Many Americans, even middle-class earners, are living paycheck-to-paycheck. While worrying about making ends meet is a common concern for many Americans, new research shows that it is even more troublesome for working adults without paid sick leave. A study by… Continue Reading →

Model paves way for faster, more efficient translations of more languages

MIT researchers have developed a novel "unsupervised" language translation model — meaning it runs without the need for human annotations and guidance — that could lead to faster, more efficient computer-based translations of far more languages. Translation systems from Google,… Continue Reading →

Roadmap for filling the gaps in forest pollinator research

Actively managed conifer forests may also provide important habitat for the pollinators that aid the reproduction of food crops and other flowering plants around the globe. An international collaboration, led by Jim Rivers of Oregon State University, has established a… Continue Reading →

How a protein factor contributes to cancer cell migration

UCLA researchers have discovered a new protein factor that contributes to a fibroblast cell's ability to migrate to a wound and participate in its healing process. The study's results could help scientists prevent cancer cells from using the same mechanisms… Continue Reading →

New method peeks inside the ‘black box’ of artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence — specifically, machine learning — is a part of daily life for computer and smartphone users. From autocorrecting typos to recommending new music, machine learning algorithms can help make life easier. They can also make mistakes. It can… Continue Reading →

Watching whales from space

Scientists have used detailed high-resolution satellite images provided by Maxar Technologies' DigitalGlobe, to detect, count and describe four different species of whales. Reported this week in the journal Marine Mammal Science, this study is a big step towards developing a… Continue Reading →

Planting the Seeds of Indigenous Food Sovereignty

“I want to stress that we have no idea what we are doing.” So says ‘Cúagilákv Jessie Housty, a self-described “community agitator, mother, land-based educator, indigenist, [and] unapologetically Haíłzaqv” woman—who promptly displays all the hallmarks of someone who knows exactly… Continue Reading →

A record-long polymer DNA negative

A fragment of a single strand of DNA, built of the nucleobases cytosine and guanine, can be imprinted in a polymer — this has been shown by chemists from Warsaw, Denton and Milan. The resulting artificial negative, with a record-long… Continue Reading →

Gut bacteria may control movement

A new study puts a fresh spin on what it means to "go with your gut." The findings, published in Nature, suggest that gut bacteria may control movement in fruit flies and identify the neurons involved in this response. The… Continue Reading →

2D magnetism: Atom-thick platforms for energy, information and computing research

Two-dimensional magnetism has long intrigued and motivated researchers for its potential to unleash new states of matter and utility in nano-devices. In part the excitement is driven by predictions that the magnetic moments of electrons — known as "spins" —… Continue Reading →

Biomarker discovered for most common form of heart failure

A team led by a Cedars-Sinai physician-scientist has discovered a biomarker — a protein found in the blood — for the most common type of heart failure, a new study published today in JAMA Cardiology shows. Heart failure with preserved… Continue Reading →

Lyme disease predicted to rise in United States as climate warms

Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease in North America and its incidence has risen sharply in the last decade. Since its progression depends on environmental factors, increases in daily temperatures, a manifestation of climate change, might be contributing… Continue Reading →

Shape-shifting robots perceive surroundings, make decisions for first time

General-purpose robots have plenty of limitations. They can be expensive and cumbersome. They often accomplish only a single type of task. But modular robots — composed of several interchangeable parts, or modules — are far more flexible. If one part… Continue Reading →

Empathetic machines favored by skeptics but might creep out believers

Most people would appreciate a chatbot that offers sympathetic or empathetic responses, according to a team of researchers, but they added that reaction may rely on how comfortable the person is with the idea of a feeling machine. In a… Continue Reading →

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