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Date

November 2, 2018

Don't Fall for the CDC's Outlandish Lies About Thimerosal

Propaganda experts have long admitted that the “big lie” is an important tool for molding public opinion. A psychological profile of Hitler carried out by the U.S. Office of Strategic Services noted that one of the German leader’s “primary rules”… Continue Reading →

The Co-Op Farming Model Might Help Save America's Small Farms

Amid a nationwide rise in worker-owned businesses of all types, small farms across the country are foregoing traditional farm ownership and reaping the benefits of cooperative farming. Across the U.S.—from New England to California—a small but growing movement of farmers… Continue Reading →

Ozone hole modest despite optimum conditions for ozone depletion

The ozone hole that forms in the upper atmosphere over Antarctica each September was slightly above average size in 2018, NOAA and NASA scientists reported today. Colder-than-average temperatures in the Antarctic stratosphere created ideal conditions for destroying ozone this year,… Continue Reading →

Culture strongly influences coping behaviors after natural disasters

Demographic and cultural differences strongly influence the coping styles young people use when they're affected by a natural disaster, and these disparities should be taken into account when providing services to help them recover from these traumatic experiences, a new… Continue Reading →

Spaced-out nanotwins make for stronger metals

Researchers from Brown University and the Institute of Metals Research at the Chinese Academy of Sciences have found a new way to use nanotwins — tiny linear boundaries in a metal's atomic lattice that have identical crystalline structures on either… Continue Reading →

How diet impact health and well-being

From the standpoint of heart health, the Tsimane are a model group. A population indigenous to the Bolivian Amazon, the Tsimane demonstrate next to no heart disease. They have minimal hypertension, low prevalence of obesity and and their cholesterol levels… Continue Reading →

Hospital communication-and-resolution programs do not expand liability risk

To be more transparent and to promote communication with patients after medical injuries, many hospitals have implemented a new approach called the communication-and-resolution program (CRP). Through these programs, hospitals openly communicate with patients after adverse events, investigating specifics, providing explanations,… Continue Reading →

Online program helps prevent teen depression

Although up to 20 percent of adolescents experience a depressive episode each year, the medical community has struggled to implement programs that effectively prevent depression. Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have worked to fill this gap in… Continue Reading →

Tying the knot: New DNA nanostructures

Knots are indispensable tools for such human activities as sailing, fishing and rock climbing, (not to mention, tying shoes). But tying a knot in a lacelike strand of DNA, measuring just billionths of a meter in length, requires patience and… Continue Reading →

Molecular virologist fights influenza at the molecular level

Molecular virologist Chad Petit, Ph.D., uses basic science to fight influenza — through experiments at the atomic level. This includes a deadly poultry influenza virus in China called the H7N9 avian flu virus. Since 2013, H7N9 has infected 1,625 people,… Continue Reading →

2019 Soil Health Summit Open to Public

For the first time, the Soil Health Partnership (SHP) is opening up the annual Soil Health Summit in 2019 and encouraging all growers and agronomists to attend. The event will be held January 15-16, 2019 in St. Louis. The farmer-led… Continue Reading →

Nutrition Research Is Deeply Biased by Food Companies. A New Book Explains Why.

The food industry has borrowed from the tobacco industry when it comes to distorting science. Consider the foods you’d like to think of as healthy. Do they include antioxidant-rich chocolate bars? Or immune system-boosting juice? Or maybe “superfoods” like pomegranate… Continue Reading →

FMH Offers New Cyber Risk Protection for Farmers

Farmers Mutual Hail Insurance Company of Iowa (FMH) has announced the new FMH Cyber Risk Protection suite, which includes two new cyber risk products to provide protection and services in the event an individual, family, or farm is the victim… Continue Reading →

Seed banking not an option for over a third of threatened species

In paper published today in Nature Plants, researchers at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, detail for the first time the scale of threatened species that are unable to be conserved in seed banks. The paper reveals that when looking at… Continue Reading →

Key gene find could enable development of disease-resistant crops

Discovery of a gene that helps plants control their response to disease could aid efforts to develop crops that are resistant to infection, research suggests. The findings could lead to ways to fine-tune the gene's activity to boost disease resistance,… Continue Reading →

What’s in the air? There’s more to it than we thought

Yale researchers have found that a type of air pollution is much more complicated than previous studies indicated. Using high-powered equipment to analyze air samples, the researchers were able to get a detailed look at the molecular makeup of organic… Continue Reading →

Fleets of drones could aid searches for lost hikers

Finding lost hikers in forests can be a difficult and lengthy process, as helicopters and drones can't get a glimpse through the thick tree canopy. Recently, it's been proposed that autonomous drones, which can bob and weave through trees, could… Continue Reading →

Comet tails blowing in the solar wind

Engineers and scientists gathered around a screen in an operations room at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D.C., eager to lay their eyes on the first data from NASA's STEREO spacecraft. It was January 2007, and the twin STEREO… Continue Reading →

Physicists explain how large spherical viruses form

A virus, the simplest physical object in biology, consists of a protein shell called the capsid, which protects its nucleic acid genome — RNA or DNA. The capsid can be cylindrical or conical in shape, but more commonly it assumes… Continue Reading →

Additional inoculation source for lambic beer production

Researchers in Belgium have identified an additional inoculation source — the wooden casks or foeders — for producing lambic beers. Traditional lambic beer production takes place through wort inoculation with environmental air and fermentation and maturation in wooden barrels. Up… Continue Reading →

Potential antidote to botulism

Researchers have identified a compound that strongly inhibits botulinum neurotoxin, the most toxic compound known. That inhibiting compound, nitrophenyl psoralen (NPP), could be used as a treatment to reduce paralysis induced by botulism. Botulinum neurotoxin is considered a potential bioweapon… Continue Reading →

Unraveling a genetic network linked to autism

Donnelly Centre researchers have uncovered a genetic network linked to autism. The findings, described in the journal Molecular Cell, will facilitate developing new therapies for this common neurological disorder. As part of a collaborative research program focusing on autism led… Continue Reading →

Zimfo Bytes 11/2

On November 2 at noon EDT, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) will release selected tables prepared for the upcoming USDA Agricultural Projections to 2028 report. The early-release tables will be posted to the USDA Office of the Chief Economist’s… Continue Reading →

Presidion Ag Announces Patent Allowance

Florida-based Presidion Ag is pleased to announce the technology behind their Nitrogen Efficiency product Neon Laser(TM) for Anhydrous Ammonia has received “Notice of Allowance” from the United States Patents and Trademark office. Presidion Ag is the exclusive licensed seller of… Continue Reading →

Disorder plays a key role in phase transitions of materials

Phase transitions are common occurrences that dramatically change the properties of a material, the most familiar being the solid-liquid-gas transition in water. Each phase corresponds to a new arrangement of the atoms within the material, which dictate the properties of… Continue Reading →

Genetic factors tied to obesity may protect against diabetes

Experts believe that where on the body people store surplus fat, whether round their middle or round the liver, may be genetically determined. Exactly where extra fat is stored matters more than the amount when it comes to insulin resistance… Continue Reading →

One step closer to complex quantum teleportation

For future technologies such as quantum computers and quantum encryption, the experimental mastery of complex quantum systems is inevitable. Scientists from the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences have succeeded in making another leap. While physicists around… Continue Reading →

Ring-shaped protein complex wrangles DNA

Biological physicists at Rice University have a new cellular mechanics theory that rings true. The Rice lab of José Onuchic has determined the structure of the condensin protein complex. The work settles the controversy over whether the complex is a… Continue Reading →

First discovery of adventive populations of Trissolcus japonicus

In the paper 'First discovery of adventive populations of Trissolcus japonicus', published in the Journal of Pest Science, the CABI scientists outline how — after a survey of native egg parasitoids of the brown marmorated stink bug — they discovered… Continue Reading →

How one tough shrub could help fight hunger in Africa

The trick to boosting crops in drought-prone, food-insecure areas of West Africa could be a ubiquitous native shrub that persists in the toughest of growing conditions. Growing these shrubs side-by-side with the food crop millet increased millet production by more… Continue Reading →

For older adults, does eating enough protein help delay disability?

To live successfully and independently, older adults need to be able to manage two different levels of life skills: basic daily care and basic housekeeping activities. Basic daily care includes feeding yourself, bathing, dressing, and going to the toilet on… Continue Reading →

Pessimism around youth suicide prevention approaches is unfounded

A comprehensive Australian study examining the global impact of suicide prevention approaches in young people has found that youth-specific interventions conducted in clinical, educational and community settings can be effective in reducing suicide-related behaviour in young people at risk. The… Continue Reading →

Alcohols as carbon radical precursors

Alcohols play a pivotal role in organic synthesis because they are ubiquitous and can be used in a variety of well-established transformations. However, in C-C bond formation reactions, despite being central to organic synthesis, alcohols are mostly employed in an… Continue Reading →

Shortening the rare-earth supply chain via recycling

Modern life is closely intertwined with a set of 17 elements at the foot of the periodic table. Known as rare earths (REs), many of these metals are highly magnetic, and find use in computing, green power and other technologies…. Continue Reading →

Imaginary worlds of children reflect positive creativity

Children who create imaginary parallel worlds, alone or with friends, are more found more commonly than previously believed, according to new research. In a project designed to probe the dynamics of such behavior among children 8-12 years old, researchers found… Continue Reading →

Training with states of matter search algorithm enables neuron model pruning

Artificial neural networks are machine learning systems that are composed of a large number of connected nodes called artificial neurons. Similar to the neurons in a biological brain, these artificial neurons are the primary basic units that are used to… Continue Reading →

Researchers turn plastic bottle waste into ultralight supermaterial

Researchers from the the National University of Singapore (NUS) have made a significant contribution towards resolving the global issue of plastic waste, by creating a way to convert plastic bottle waste into aerogels for many useful applications. Plastic bottles are… Continue Reading →

Scientists bring new hope to brain tumor patients

sGBM is a rare type of brain cancer in adults. The incidence varies from 2 to 5 per million people per year. For example, if Hong Kong's base population of 7.5 million people is taken as a reference, over 15… Continue Reading →

Scientists figure out how to measure electrical activity in a fetal heart

Electrodes are placed on the patient's chest area to record cardiac electrical activity — e.g. to determine whether the heart rhythm is so irregular that treatment is required; a type of medical examination for which ECG serves well as a… Continue Reading →

Molecular biology: Phaser neatly arranges nucleosomes

LMU researchers have, for the first time, systematically determined the positioning of the packing units of the fruit fly genome, and discovered a new protein that defines their relationship to the DNA sequence. In organisms that store their genomic DNA… Continue Reading →

Road to cell death more clearly identified for Parkinson’s disease

In experiments performed in mice, Johns Hopkins researchers report they have identified the cascade of cell death events leading to the physical and intellectual degeneration associated with Parkinson's disease. Results of the study, published Nov. 2 in Science, suggest promising… Continue Reading →

‘Robust’ corals primed to resist coral bleaching

Using advanced genomic techniques, a team of researchers led by Dr Hua (Emily) Ying of The Australian National University (ANU) and Prof David Miller of the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (Coral CoE) at James Cook University… Continue Reading →

Origin of the periodicity of the genome explained

Scientists at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona) have found an explanation for a periodicity in the sequence of the genomes of all eukaryotes, from yeast to humans. The results published in the journal Cell offer an alternative… Continue Reading →

New studies on student alcohol use can inform interventions to reduce blackouts

College students who drink alcohol don't typically intend to drink to the point that they "black out," and they also don't fully grasp what specific drinking behaviors present the greatest risk of blackouts, a new series of studies finds. Prior… Continue Reading →

New quantum criticality discovered in superconductivity

Using solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (ssNMR) techniques, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory discovered a new quantum criticality in a superconducting material, leading to a greater understanding of the link between magnetism and unconventional superconductivity. Most… Continue Reading →

NASA’s Dawn mission to asteroid belt comes to end

NASA's Dawn spacecraft has gone silent, ending a historic mission that studied time capsules from the solar system's earliest chapter. Dawn missed scheduled communications sessions with NASA's Deep Space Network on Wednesday, Oct. 31, and Thursday, Nov. 1. After the… Continue Reading →

A New EPA Rule Would Allow Factory Farms to Avoid Reporting Air Pollution

What factory farm owners portray as “normal odors” from animal waste can cause serious harm to farmers and the residents who live near these large industrial operations. The Trump administration, like it has with many important health and safety rules,… Continue Reading →

‘Farming While Black’ is a Guidebook to Dismantle Systemic Racism

At first, Leah Penniman’s new book, Farming While Black, reads like any other aimed at new farmers. In it, she writes about finding land, crop planning, seed saving, and raising animals. When readers get to the chapters called “Healing from… Continue Reading →

Traumatic brain injuries can lead to long-term neurological and psychiatric disorders

Traumatic brain injury is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children, and rates of injury have increased over the past decade. According to a study being presented at the 2018 American Academy of Pediatrics National Conference & Exhibition,… Continue Reading →

Soft furniture doesn’t cushion risk of falls by young children

Most parents know how easily young children can fall down stairs or tumble off tables at home. Soft, padded furniture like beds and sofas may seem like less of an injury threat. But a new research abstract being presented at… Continue Reading →

Most children surveyed couldn’t tell real guns from toy guns

A new study found that a majority of parents and caregivers, including firearm owners, said they were confident their children could tell a real gun apart from a toy gun. The children themselves also said they thought they could recognize… Continue Reading →

Grandparents: Raising their children’s children, they get the job done

Millions of children are being raised solely by their grandparents, with numbers continuing to climb as the opioid crisis and other factors disrupt families. New research being presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2018 National Conference & Exhibition… Continue Reading →

Survey finds ‘alarming’ percentage of families share leftover antibiotics

Taking antibiotics when they're unnecessary, or in the wrong dose or timeframe, fuels rising rates of antibiotic-resistant infections. Suggesting a need to step-up efforts to raise awareness about this risk, results of a new survey found parents commonly saved leftover… Continue Reading →

‘Good guys’ in superhero films more violent than villains

In a film genre more popular than ever, courageous superheroes wield special powers to protect the public from villains. But despite positive themes these films may offer, new research suggests superhero characters often idolized by young viewers may send a… Continue Reading →

Good sleep quality encourages better recovery after sport-related concussion

A new study found that young athletes who have good sleep quality after sustaining a concussion are more likely to recover within two weeks. Those who don't have good sleep quality often take longer to recover, sometimes greater than 30… Continue Reading →

Study suggests childhood obesity linked to poor school performance and coping skills

A new study suggests that childhood obesity, now at epidemic levels in the United States, may affect school performance and coping skills for challenging situations. The study abstract, "Childhood Flourishing is Negatively Associated with Obesity," will be presented on Saturday,… Continue Reading →

Instant soups and noodles responsible for burning nearly 10,000 children each year

Microwavable instant soup products cause at least two out of every 10 scald burns that send children to emergency departments each year, according to new research being presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2018 National Conference & Exhibition…. Continue Reading →

Lax state gun laws linked to more child, teen gun deaths

Compared with U.S. states with the strictest gun control legislation, gun deaths among children and teenagers are twice as common in states with the most lax gun laws, a study from the Stanford University School of Medicine has found. In… Continue Reading →

Can chocolate, tea, coffee and zinc help make you more healthy?

Ageing and a low life expectancy are caused, at least partly, by oxidative stress. A team of researchers led by Prof. Dr. Ivana Ivanovi-Burmazovi from the Chair of Bioinorganic Chemistry at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), together with researchers from the USA,… Continue Reading →

How cancer-causing papillomaviruses evolved

Cancer-causing human papillomaviruses (HPVs) diverged from their most recent common ancestors approximately half a million years ago, roughly coinciding with the timing of the split between archaic Neanderthals and modern Homo sapiens, according to a study published November 1 in… Continue Reading →

Mental health diagnoses among US children, youth continue to rise at alarming rate

The number of children and adolescents visiting the nation's emergency departments due to mental health concerns continued to rise at an alarming rate from 2012 through 2016, with mental health diagnoses for non-Latino blacks outpacing such diagnoses among youth of… Continue Reading →

Scientists find a ‘switch’ to increase starch accumulation in algae

Results from a collaborative study by Tokyo Institute of Technology and Tohoku University, Japan, raise prospects for large-scale production of algae-derived starch, a valuable bioresource for biofuels and other renewable materials. Such bio-based products have the potential to replace fossil… Continue Reading →

Nature of immune cells in the human brain disclosed

Researchers from the Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience and Amsterdam UMC have disclosed the nature of how T cells protect the brain against harmful viruses. The results of the study, which are published in Nature Communications, are important for investigating the… Continue Reading →

Lateral inhibition keeps similar memories apart

When you park in the office car park, you usually have no problem finding your car again at the end of the day. The next day, you might park a few spots further away. However, in the evening, you find… Continue Reading →

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