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Date

November 5, 2018

The Unseen Driver Behind the Migrant Caravan: Climate Change

While violence and poverty have been cited as the reasons for the exodus, experts say the big picture is that changing climate is forcing farmers off their land – and it’s likely to get worse Thousands of Central American migrants… Continue Reading →

Could Your Cannabis Be Cleaner Than Your Organic Produce?

If you read the paper or watch the news as it relates to Sonoma County Cannabis, by now you’ve heard these terms: Regenerative, Biodynamic, Organic, Sun-Grown, Light-Dep, and Sustainable Practices. Sure, you know it’s better than the stuff that comes… Continue Reading →

How clear speech equates to clear memory

Some conversations are forgotten as soon as they are over, while other exchanges may leave lasting imprints. University of Texas at Austin researchers Sandie Keerstock and Rajka Smiljanic want to understand why and how listeners remember some spoken utterances more… Continue Reading →

Women who are ‘larks’ have a lower risk of developing breast cancer

Women who are "larks," functioning better at the beginning of the day than the end of the day, have a lower of risk breast cancer, according to new research presented at the 2018 NCRI Cancer Conference today (Tuesday). The study… Continue Reading →

Deconstructing crowd noise at college basketball games

With thousands of fans clapping, chanting, shouting and jeering, college basketball games can be almost deafeningly loud. Some arenas have decibel meters, which, accurately or not, provide some indication of the noise volume generated by the spectators and the sound… Continue Reading →

Seven in 8 children’s tonsillectomies are unnecessary

A new study by the University of Birmingham has found that seven in every eight children who have their tonsils removed are unlikely to benefit from the operation. Researchers analysed the electronic medical records of over 1.6 million children from… Continue Reading →

Agri-Pulse Promotes Spencer Chase

Agri-Pulse is promoting Spencer Chase to Managing Editor, effective December 1, 2018. “Spencer continues to do great work for us, producing quality broadcasts and writing,” said Agri-Pulse editor Sara Wyant. “We look forward to having him assume a key managerial… Continue Reading →

468th International Conference on Agricultural and Biological Science

494th International Conference on Food and Agricultural Engineering

Nutrient-recycling microbes may feel the heat

Bacteria and fungi might conjure up images of diseases and spoiled food, but they also do a lot of good. The billions of microbes in a handful of dead leaves, for example, act as nature's recyclers and regenerate nutrients needed… Continue Reading →

Shorter sleep can lead to dehydration

Adults who sleep just six hours per night — as opposed to eight — may have a higher chance of being dehydrated, according to a study by Penn State. These findings suggest that those who don't feel well after a… Continue Reading →

Adolescent brain development impacts mental health, substance use

Advances in understanding adolescent brain development may aid future treatments of mental illness and alcohol and substance use disorders. The findings were presented at Neuroscience 2018, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of… Continue Reading →

Movement, evolutionary history of tuberculosis in China

A genetic scan of a massive number of samples taken from tuberculosis patients across China has shown a surprising genetic uniformity: just two "strains" of the tuberculosis bacterium account for 99.4 percent of all cases. Globally, TB is caused by… Continue Reading →

Potential path for countering oxidative stress in a range of diseases

Scientists at Scripps Research have made a surprising discovery in their mission to understand how cells stay healthy, uncovering an important connection between a cell's sugar metabolism and its antioxidant response, one of the cell's key mechanisms to protect itself… Continue Reading →

New drug targets in aggressive cancers

Scientists have discovered a previously unknown molecular vulnerability in two rare, aggressive, and hard-to-treat types of cancer, and say it may be possible to attack this weakness with targeted drugs. Reporting in Nature Cell Biology, researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute… Continue Reading →

Dam problems, win-win solutions

Decisions about whether to build, remove or modify dams involve complex trade-offs that are often accompanied by social and political conflict. A group of researchers from the natural and social sciences, engineering, arts and humanities has joined forces to show… Continue Reading →

Hydropower, innovations and avoiding international dam shame

For sweeping drama, it's hard to beat hydropower from dams — a renewable source of electricity that helped build much of the developed world. Yet five scientists from Michigan State University (MSU) say that behind roaring cascades is a legacy… Continue Reading →

Turning marginal farmlands into a win for farmers and ecosystems

Many farms have areas where the ground either floods or does not retain enough water or fertilizer for crops to thrive. Such marginal lands could become useful and potentially profitable if they are planted with perennial bioenergy crops such as… Continue Reading →

Changing temperatures are helping corn production in US — for now

The past 70 years have been good for corn production in the midwestern United States, with yields increasing fivefold since the 1940s. Much of this improvement has been credited to advances in farming technology but researchers at Harvard University are… Continue Reading →

Elusive star has origins close to Big Bang

Astronomers have found what could be one of the universe's oldest stars, a body almost entirely made of materials spewed from the Big Bang. The discovery of this approximately 13.5 billion-year-old tiny star means more stars with very low mass… Continue Reading →

Oldest evidence of dairying on the East Asian Steppe

Although dairy pastoralism once made Mongolian steppe herders successful enough to conquer most of Asia and Europe, the origins of this way of life on the East Asian steppe are still unclear. Now an international team of researchers led by… Continue Reading →

Coping with errors in the quantum age

Quantum systems can be manipulated with extremely high, but not with perfect precision. Researchers have now demonstrated how errors that occur during such operations can be monitored and corrected on the fly. The field of quantum computation has seen tremendous… Continue Reading →

Is there a universal hierarchy of human senses?

Research at the University of York has shown that the accepted hierarchy of human senses — sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell — is not universally true across all cultures. Researchers found that rather than being able to predict the… Continue Reading →

Promising proteins for diagnostic, prognostic use in ALS

Researchers from North Carolina State University have identified proteins that may be useful in both earlier diagnosis of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and in more accurate disease prognosis. ALS, often referred to as Lou Gehrig's disease, is a progressive, neurodegenerative… Continue Reading →

Gene regulator that allows plant rehydration after drought

Scientists at the RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science in Japan have found that the protein NGA1 is critical for plants to have normal responses to dehydration. Published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, the study shows… Continue Reading →

Fire ant colonies could inspire molecular machines, swarming robots

Think of it as mathematics with a bite: Researchers at CU Boulder have uncovered the statistical rules that govern how gigantic colonies of fire ants (Solenopsis invicta) form bridges, ladders and floating rafts. In a new study, a team led… Continue Reading →

How childhood stress contributes to anxiety, depression

New research could help explain why stress early in life can create vulnerabilities to mood and anxiety disorders later on. The study, led by researchers at The Ohio State University, was presented Nov. 5 in San Diego at the annual… Continue Reading →

Patient safety in hospitals still a concern

Two decades ago, a landmark study by the National Academy of Medicine (NAM) highlighted the prevalence of medical errors and called for a national commitment to reduce patient harm. Despite substantial investment by government and private institutions to increase patient… Continue Reading →

Drinking coffee may reduce your chances of developing Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s

Approximately 500 billion cups of coffee are consumed worldwide each year. A new study out of the Krembil Brain Institute, part of the Krembil Research Institute, suggests there could be more to that morning jolt of goodness than a boost… Continue Reading →

Pedigree is the Animal Breeding Board Game

Looking for a unique Christmas gift? See what you think of Pedigree: The Animal Breeding Board Game.Experience the thrill of animal breeding and raising show ring champions in a fun and fast-paced board game called, “The Game of PEDIGREE,” created… Continue Reading →

Learning From the Private Sector Experience Working With Smallholder Farmers

By Amy Chambers on behalf of Fintrac’s Feed the Future Enabling Environment for Food Security project. Working with the private sector is key to fostering vibrant agricultural market systems, and successfully integrating smallholder farmers into these efforts has the potential… Continue Reading →

Villagers follow the geology to safer water in Bangladesh

Water researchers have found a way to fight the "king of poisons" that accounts for one of every 20 deaths in Bangladesh. Arsenic has a long, sordid history as a poison once used in very high doses to assassinate aristocrats,… Continue Reading →

New attacks on graphics processors endanger user privacy

Computer scientists at the University of California, Riverside have revealed for the first time how easily attackers can use a computer's graphics processing unit, or GPU, to spy on web activity, steal passwords, and break into cloud-based applications. Marlan and… Continue Reading →

Extracellular vesicles help pass information between cells and onto offspring

New studies reveal that small, membrane-bound particles transported between cells have wide-ranging and long-term effects in the brain and throughout the body, from helping neurons communicate to passing the effects of stress onto the next generation. Such extracellular vesicles released… Continue Reading →

Growing magnetic fields in deep space: Just wiggle the plasma

Contrary to what many people believe, outer space is not empty. In addition to an electrically charged soup of ions and electrons known as plasma, space is permeated by magnetic fields with a wide range of strengths. Astrophysicists have long… Continue Reading →

GROWMARK Energy Offering Pre-Blended E15

The Renewable Fuels Association is pleased that farmer-owned cooperative GROWMARK Energy has started offering pre-blended E15 at its company-owned terminals in Illinois, Iowa, and Missouri. RFA Vice President of Industry Relations Robert White says the move will help expand the… Continue Reading →

Latest Agri-Pulse Poll Shows Strong Support for Trump

It’s probably safe to say that no president in recent history has talked about agriculture as much as President Donald J. Trump, who has managed to mention farmers in nearly every campaign stop he has made in the past week…. Continue Reading →

Children’s sleep not significantly affected by screen time, new study finds

Screen-time has little impact on the quality of children's sleep, according to new Oxford University research. Screens are now a fixture of modern childhood. And as young people spend an increasing amount of time on electronic devices, the effects of… Continue Reading →

Physicists name and codify new field in nanotechnology: ‘electron quantum metamaterials’

When two atomically thin two-dimensional layers are stacked on top of each other and one layer is made to rotate against the second layer, they begin to produce patterns — the familiar moiré patterns — that neither layer can generate… Continue Reading →

New technique to understand biology at the nanoscale

Washington State University researchers for the first time have shown that they can use electrical fields to gain valuable information about the tiny, floating vesicles that move around in animals and plants and are critically important to many biological functions…. Continue Reading →

Evidence of outburst flooding indicates plentiful water on early Mars

The presence of water on Mars has been theorized for centuries. Early telescopes revealed ice caps, and early astronomers noted channels that were hypothesized to be natural rivers or creature-created canals. Mariner 4 was the first rover to Mars, landing… Continue Reading →

Evidence of restored vision in rats following cell transplant

Researchers from the University of California, Irvine School of Medicine, have discovered that neurons located in the vision centers of the brains of blind rats functioned normally following fetal retina cell transplants, indicating the successful restoration of vision. The research… Continue Reading →

Detecting E. coli strains using molecular electronics

Finding a fast and inexpensive way to detect specific strains of bacteria and viruses is critical to food safety, water quality, environmental protection and human health. However, current methods for detecting illness-causing strains of bacteria such as E. coli require… Continue Reading →

Laser tech could be fashioned into Earth’s ‘porch light’ to attract alien astronomers

If extraterrestrial intelligence exists somewhere in our galaxy, a new MIT study proposes that laser technology on Earth could, in principle, be fashioned into something of a planetary porch light — a beacon strong enough to attract attention from as… Continue Reading →

Physicists create new, simpler-than-ever quantum ‘hard drive for light’

Physicists at the University of Alberta in Canada have developed a new way to build quantum memories, a method for storing delicate quantum information encoded into pulses of light. "We've developed a new way to store pulses of light —… Continue Reading →

Organisms with small genomes, cells found thriving in hot soils

As our planet warms, what life will survive and thrive? If the coal fire-fueled soils around Centralia, Pennsylvania, are any indication, organisms with smaller genomes and cells may do well in the future. The results of a new Michigan State… Continue Reading →

Tethered antibodies present a potential new approach to prevent influenza virus infections

As co-leaders of an international collaboration, scientists at Scripps Research have discovered that tethering four antibodies together may be an effective strategy for neutralizing all types of influenza virus known to infect humans. The research, published this week in Science,… Continue Reading →

Animal Ag Bites 11/5

This Thanksgiving, more consumers will be able to trace their Honeysuckle White turkeys to the family farm where they were raised, thanks to a blockchain solution that brings transparency to consumer’s food purchases. Through a simple text or by entering… Continue Reading →

‘Master key’ gene has links to both ASD and schizophrenia

Recent studies of complex brain disorders such as schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have identified a few "master keys," risk genes that sit at the center of a network of genes important for brain function. Researchers at Emory and… Continue Reading →

New efficiency record set for perovskite LEDs

Researchers have set a new efficiency record for LEDs based on perovskite semiconductors, rivalling that of the best organic LEDs (OLEDs). Compared to OLEDs, which are widely used in high-end consumer electronics, the perovskite-based LEDs, developed by researchers at the… Continue Reading →

Chemical synthesis could produce more potent antibiotics

Using a novel type of chemical reaction, MIT researchers have shown that they can modify antibiotics in a way that could potentially make them more effective against drug-resistant infections. By chemically linking the antibiotic vancomycin to an antimicrobial peptide, the… Continue Reading →

Largest parasitic worm genetic study hatches novel treatment possibilities

The largest genomic study of parasitic worms to date has identified hundreds of thousands of new genes and predicted many new potential drug targets and drugs. The research from the Wellcome Sanger Institute, Washington University in St. Louis, the University… Continue Reading →

More affordable and effective conservation of species

No one had reported seeing the strange creature — a cross between a bear and a monkey — since before the Great Depression. Then, this past summer, an amateur biologist stumbled upon the presumed-extinct Wondiwoi tree kangaroo while trekking through… Continue Reading →

More than intelligence needed for success in life

Research carried out at the University of Adelaide and the University of Bristol has examined long-held beliefs that success in school and careers is due to more than just high intelligence. Non-cognitive skills are also important. The study, published in… Continue Reading →

The reasons for hemispheric dominance in the brain

The left and the right hemispheres specialise in different tasks. However, it has not yet been fully understood how one hemisphere assumes dominance over the other when it comes to controlling specific functions. Biopsychologists at Ruhr-Universität Bochum describe their latest… Continue Reading →

Small genetic differences turn plants into better teams

The ongoing worldwide loss of biological diversity is one of the most pressing challenges humankind currently faces. Biodiversity is vital to humans not least because it supports ecosystem services such as the provision of clean water and the production of… Continue Reading →

Standing in for a kidney, MXene materials can be used to filter urea, could give dialysis patients the freedom to move

For more than 3 million people around the world, kidney failure is a life-altering diagnosis, if not a life-threatening one. While about 17 percent of people in the U.S. with end-stage kidney disease are now getting transplants, the average time… Continue Reading →

Olive oil and fungus protect wood from wood rot

A fungus that does not attack wood, but preserves it. It sounds strange, but it is possible. Elke van Nieuwenhuijzen will be receiving her doctorate next Wednesday 7 November at Eindhoven University of Technology for her study of black fungi… Continue Reading →

Does having muscle weakness and obesity lead to falls for older women?

As our society continues to age, experts project that falls and the health complications that can come with them will also rise. In fact, about two-thirds of all hospital costs ($34 billion) are connected directly or indirectly with falls among… Continue Reading →

Why women receive less CPR from bystanders

Concerns about inappropriate contact or causing injury may help explain why bystanders are less likely to perform CPR on women — even "virtual" women — than on men who collapse with cardiac arrest, according to two studies presented at the… Continue Reading →

Magnetic pumping pushes plasma particles to high energies

As you walk away from a campfire on a cool autumn night, you quickly feel colder. The same thing happens in outer space. As it spins, the sun continuously flings hot material into space, out to the furthest reaches of… Continue Reading →

Peak performance: New stellarator experiments show promising results

Imagine building a machine so advanced and precise you need a supercomputer to help design it. That's exactly what scientists and engineers in Germany did when building the Wendelstein 7-X experiment. The device, funded by the German federal and state… Continue Reading →

Laboratory experiments probe the formation of stars and planets

The cosmos is a void dotted with stars and an ever-increasing number of newly-observed planets beyond our solar system. Yet, how these stars and planets formed out of clouds of interstellar dust and gas remains mysterious. The study of black… Continue Reading →

Laser blasting antimatter into existence

Antimatter is an exotic material that vaporizes when it contacts regular matter. If you hit an antimatter baseball with a bat made of regular matter, it would explode in a burst of light. It is rare to find antimatter on… Continue Reading →

Wealthier people do less in the struggle against climate change

A collective-risk dilemma experiment with members of the public in Barcelona has shown that people are more or less likely to contribute money to fighting climate change depending on their how wealthy they are. And the results indicate that participants… Continue Reading →

Fern plant infusion keeps the doctor away in Medieval Europe

The remains of a medieval skeleton has shown the first physical evidence that a fern plant could have been used for medicinal purposes in cases such as alopecia, dandruff and kidney stones. The skeleton of a male aged between 21… Continue Reading →

What’s Behind the Crippling Dairy Crisis? Family Farmers Speak Out.

“If a mammal doesn’t produce it, it isn’t ‘milk’,” says Lisa Engelbert, one of the farmers at the sixth-generation Engelbert Farms in Nichols, New York. Engelbert is referring, somewhat wearily, to the plant-based beverages and other products made from soy,… Continue Reading →

People in Canada have good health, are living longer: Global Burden of Disease Study trends

Data from the Global Burden of Disease Study shows that the overall health of Canadians is good and is consistent with other similar countries, and people are living longer with diseases, according to a study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association… Continue Reading →

New device improves balance in veterans with Gulf War Illness

Gulf War veterans with unexplained illnesses that cause fatigue, headaches, respiratory disorders and memory problems can improve their balance with a device developed by Rutgers University researchers. The study is the first to examine how Gulf War illnesses affect veterans'… Continue Reading →

Advance stem cell therapy with biodegradable scaffold

Rutgers scientists have created a tiny, biodegradable scaffold to transplant stem cells and deliver drugs, which may help treat Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, aging brain degeneration, spinal cord injuries and traumatic brain injuries. Stem cell transplantation, which shows promise as… Continue Reading →

Music improves social communication in autistic children

Engaging in musical activities such as singing and playing instruments in one-on-one therapy can improve autistic children's social communication skills, improve their family's quality of life, as well as increase brain connectivity in key networks, according to researchers at Université… Continue Reading →

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