Agro∼News

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Date

November 6, 2018

Herdshare & Healthy Soil at Free Hand Farm

As far as the eye can see, soft and verdant grasslands roll out like a thick green carpet dotted with healthy, ancient oaks. A trodden path of tall grass leads the way past a few small creeks to the open… Continue Reading →

Why Permaculture Puts Food First

When I teach permaculture, and now having done more than 50 full design courses, I try to de-emphasize gardening. I do that because I know that most other Permaculture teachers do precisely the opposite; they begin with drawing a chicken… Continue Reading →

Farmer Engagement Opportunity: FSA County Committee Elections

Texas Farm Service Agency meeting with South Texas farmers and ranchers. Photo credit: USDA. The midterm elections aren’t the only civic opportunity for farmers and ranchers this November. In addition to casting their votes for federal, state, and local elected… Continue Reading →

Preschool children show awake responses to naptime nonsense words

Of all of our senses, hearing is the only one that has long been suspected as being "on" all the time — even in our sleep. Sounds that occur during the night have a way of registering in the brain…. Continue Reading →

Summer birth and computer games linked to heightened short-sight risk in childhood

Summer birth and hours spent playing computer games are linked to a heightened risk of developing short or near sightedness (myopia) in childhood, indicates a twin study, published online in the British Journal of Ophthalmology. But fertility treatment may be… Continue Reading →

Children may be most at risk of stab injuries on way home from school

Quite apart from the known links between knife crime and deprivation and male gender, there seem to be distinct temporal and geographical patterns by age group among young stab victims, indicate the findings. The frequency of stabbings spikes between 1600… Continue Reading →

Nanotechnology-based immunotherapy promoting transplant acceptance

Mount Sinai researchers have developed a novel type of immunotherapy based on innovative nanotechnology that induces long-term organ transplant acceptance in mice. Their study, published in the November 6 online issue of Immunity, could transform patient care and help to… Continue Reading →

Drug pollution concentrates in stream bugs, passes to predators in water and on land

Sixty-nine pharmaceutical compounds have been detected in stream insects, some at concentrations that may threaten animals that feed on them, such as trout and platypus. When these insects emerge as flying adults, they can pass drugs to spiders, birds, bats,… Continue Reading →

Moths survive bat predation through acoustic camouflage fur

Moths are a mainstay food source for bats, which use echolocation (biological sonar) to hunt their prey. Scientists such as Thomas Neil, from the University of Bristol in the U.K., are studying how moths have evolved passive defenses over millions… Continue Reading →

Why some Wikipedia disputes go unresolved

Wikipedia has enabled large-scale, open collaboration on the internet's largest general-reference resource. But, as with many collaborative writing projects, crafting the content can be a contentious subject. Often, multiple Wikipedia editors will disagree on certain changes to articles or policies…. Continue Reading →

Bioreactor device helps frogs regenerate their legs

A team of scientists designed a device that can induce partial hindlimb regeneration in adult aquatic African clawed frogs (Xenopus laevis) by "kick-starting" tissue repair at the amputation site. Their findings, appearing November 6 in the journal Cell Reports, introduce… Continue Reading →

New deep knowledge AI system could resolve bottlenecks in drug research

Researchers at the University of Waterloo have developed a new system that could significantly speed up the discovery of new drugs and reduce the need for costly and time-consuming laboratory tests. The new technology called Pattern to Knowledge (P2K) can… Continue Reading →

Bats vs. Dolphins: Ultimate battle of sonar systems

Active sensors are incorporated into a number of technologies, such as meteorology devices and self-driving cars, and use the echo from sound, radio or light waves to locate objects. But despite nearly a century of development, these active sensing technologies… Continue Reading →

For adults, the terrible twos are a confusing earful

Here's another reason you might be exhausted after that preschool birthday party: Your brain had to work to figure out who actually asked for more ice cream. "What we found with two-and-a-half-year-olds is that it's amazingly hard for adults to… Continue Reading →

Rat models of opioid use and addiction explore risk of abuse

New research revealed today highlights the power of animal studies to explore mechanisms of opioid addiction, withdrawal, and relapse to inform new prevention strategies and treatments for people. The findings were presented at Neuroscience 2018. Opioids are a highly addictive… Continue Reading →

Immune system and postpartum depression linked?

The immune system might play an important role in the development of postpartum depression after a stressful pregnancy, new research suggests. Areas of the brain responsible for mood regulation showed signs of inflammation in the study, which used an animal… Continue Reading →

Orcasound: A citizen science tool for whale research

A crucial part of studying southern resident killer whales is finding them and quickly alerting experts to send boats out to collect fecal samples or prey fragments to better understand what the whales are eating. Hydrophones, underwater microphones used to… Continue Reading →

Cancer: Brain-derived compounds show surprising benefits

A lab team led by Nobel Prize winner Dr. Andrew Schally at the Miami Veterans Affairs Healthcare System and the University of Miami showed that a synthetic compound based on a brain hormone spurred the growth of cancer cells in… Continue Reading →

New immunotherapy technique can specifically target tumor cells

A new immunotherapy screening prototype developed by University of California, Irvine researchers can quickly create individualized cancer treatments that will allow physicians to effectively target tumors without the side effects of standard cancer drugs. UCI's Weian Zhao and Nobel laureate… Continue Reading →

Meth, similar drug overdoses growing rapidly

The number of overdose deaths involving methamphetamines and amphetamines in the state of Ohio increased more than 5,000 percent over the course of eight years, according to data collected by the Ohio Alliance for Innovation in Population Health. The Alliance… Continue Reading →

Adolescent cannabis use alters development of planning, self-control brain areas

Adolescent marijuana use may alter how neurons function in brain areas engaged in decision-making, planning and self-control, according to researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago. The findings, which were presented at Neuroscience 2018, the annual meeting of the… Continue Reading →

How ideas go viral in academia: Where idea starts is key

How ideas move through academia may depend on where those ideas come from — whether from big-name universities or less prestigious institutions — as much as their quality, a recent study from the University of Colorado Boulder suggests. The new… Continue Reading →

Punctuated earthquakes for New Madrid area, Missouri, U.S.

Indianapolis, IN, USA: In 1811 and 1812, the region around New Madrid, Missouri, experienced a number of major earthquakes. The final and largest earthquake in this sequence occurred on the Reelfoot fault, and temporarily changed the course of the Mississippi… Continue Reading →

Plasma-based system provides radical new path for water purification

Many of today's methods of purifying water rely on filters and chemicals that need regular replenishing or maintenance. Millions of people, however, live in areas with limited access to such materials, leading the research community to explore new options of… Continue Reading →

Face the music: Explicit anti-piracy warnings are best deterrent

STOP! This is illegal. You may be monitored and fined. Did that get your attention? Good. Because according to a new UNLV study, this phrasing coupled with a graphic of a computer and download symbol with a prohibitive slash is… Continue Reading →

Experimental plasma generator offers path forward for better use of landfill gas as energy

Methane gas released from landfills has long been a topic of interest for alternative energy. One issue, however, is that landfill gases contain numerous contaminants, such as volatile methyl siloxanes, whose silica deposits put extra wear and tear on the… Continue Reading →

New insights into the neural risks and benefits of marijuana use

Research released today underscores both the dangers and the therapeutic promise of marijuana, revealing different effects across the lifespan. Marijuana exposure in the womb or during adolescence may disrupt learning and memory, damage communication between brain regions, and disturb levels… Continue Reading →

First study of Humpback whale survivors of orca attacks in the Southeastern Pacific

Humpback whales bear stark battle scars from violent encounters with orcas, also known as killer whales. Analysis of rake marks on more than 3000 humpback whale tails or flukes suggest that attacks on these undersea giants may be on the… Continue Reading →

Oceanographers produce first-ever images of entire cod shoals

For the most part, the mature Atlantic cod is a solitary creature that spends most of its time far below the ocean's surface, grazing on bony fish, squid, crab, shrimp, and lobster — unless it's spawning season, when the fish… Continue Reading →

Why a stream of plasma makes chemical reactions more efficient

A whiff of plasma, when combined with a nanosized catalyst, can cause chemical reactions to proceed faster, more selectively, at lower temperatures, or at lower voltages than without plasma — and nobody really knows why. Using computer modeling, Juliusz Kruszelnicki… Continue Reading →

White line of algae deaths marks uplift in 2016 Chilean earthquake

A bleached fringe of dead marine algae, strung along the coastlines of two islands off the coast of Chile, offers a unique glimpse at how the land rose during the 2016 magnitude 7.6 Chiloé earthquake, according to a new study… Continue Reading →

Largely unrecognized role of youth caregivers illuminated in new study

'I need this — can you grab my pills?' 'Can you help me with this?' 'Can you go in my bag and get me my medicine?' For more than half of her 16 years, 10th grader Destiny has answered calls… Continue Reading →

Most patients with cystic fibrosis may receive insufficient antibiotics to fight lung infections

The majority of patients with cystic fibrosis may not achieve blood concentrations of antibiotics sufficiently high enough to effectively fight bacteria responsible for pulmonary exacerbations, leading to worsening pulmonary function, indicates a study led by researchers at Children's National Health… Continue Reading →

Simulating hypersonic flow transitions from smooth to turbulent

To break out of Earth's lower orbit, hypersonic vehicles must reach speeds greater than Mach 5. At these hypersonic speeds, the air particles and gases that flow around the vehicle and interact with the surfaces generate heat and create shock… Continue Reading →

Opioid overdose reversal products chemically stable past expiration date, study indicates

A widely used naloxone nasal spray (NNS) and naloxone injection (NIJ), otherwise known as Narcan® and Evzio®, which are administered to prevent opioid overdose deaths, were found to be chemically stable up for at least ten months and beyond one… Continue Reading →

Kansas City Here We Come

ZimmComm is headed out today to the 75th annual NAFB convention at the Westin Crown Center in Kansas City, Missouri. We first started attending NAFB in the mid-1980s and have been there every year since 1987. But there are lots… Continue Reading →

AMVAC® Enhances Customer Website

AMVAC Chemical Corporation has launched a newly enhanced customer website amvac-chemical.com. The website design includes a search function for agricultural and environmental protection products, retailers and field representatives, as well as marketing and sales campaigns and product promotions. “With more… Continue Reading →

Novel anti-inflammatory bacterial protein discovered

Researchers at the University of Oregon have identified a novel protein secreted by a common gut bacterium in zebrafish that reduces inflammation in the gut and delays death by septic shock. By examining how the protein, Aeromonas immune modulator (AimA),… Continue Reading →

New gene for hair loss

Hypotrichosis simplex leads to progressive hair loss starting in childhood. A team of researchers led by human geneticists at the University Hospital of Bonn has now deciphered a new gene that is responsible for this rare form of hair loss…. Continue Reading →

Brain-computer interface advances improve prosthetics, therapies

Advances in connecting neural stimulation to physical control of the body are transforming the development of prosthetics and therapeutic training for people with disabilities, according to new research. The findings were presented at Neuroscience 2018. As improved understanding of neural… Continue Reading →

How invasive earthworm feces is altering US soils

Asian jumping earthworms are carving out territory all over the U.S. Midwest and East Coast, leaving in their wake changed soils that are just beginning to be studied. The invasive earthworms are native to eastern Asia and are known by… Continue Reading →

NAD can restore mitochondrial function and energy production in MTDPS liver-like cells

Mitochondria are responsible for supplying the cell with energy in the form of ATP through oxidative phosphorylation. There is a group of rare, autosomal recessive disorders, known as Mitochondrial DNA Depletion Syndromes (MTDPS), which causes a significant reduction in mitochondrial… Continue Reading →

High blood pressure poses heart/stroke event risk for people under age 40

People younger than age 40 who have high blood pressure are at increased risk of heart failure, strokes and blood vessel blockages as they age, according to a study in JAMA led by Duke Health. The study, which used new… Continue Reading →

Women who give birth to boys much more likely to have postnatal depression

A University of Kent study into postnatal depression (PND) found the odds of developing this condition increased by 79% when mothers had baby boys compared to baby girls. Overall the researchers identified that women who give birth to males are… Continue Reading →

New measure for the wellbeing of populations could replace Human Development Index

IIASA researchers have introduced a new, simple measure for human wellbeing across countries, called the Human Life Indicator (HLI), that takes inequality into account and could replace the commonly used but error-prone Human Development Index (HDI). Measuring the overall wellbeing… Continue Reading →

Ultrathin, ultralight ‘nanocardboard’

When choosing materials to make something, trade-offs need to be made between a host of properties, such as thickness, stiffness and weight. Depending on the application in question, finding just the right balance is the difference between success and failure… Continue Reading →

Subtle visual cues nudge users to reveal more in online forum

Pictures may be worth a thousand words, but icons may be even more powerful in nudging people to disclose more information online, according to an interdisciplinary team of Penn State researchers. In a study, researchers found that people using an… Continue Reading →

Back pain shows significant association with mortality among older women

Researchers at Boston Medical Center found that frequent, persistent back pain is associated with earlier death in a study of more than 8,000 older women who were followed for an average of 14 years. After controlling for important sociodemographic and… Continue Reading →

How the ‘speed gene’ works in thoroughbred racehorses

Scientists have pinpointed the genetic basis that explains why some thoroughbred racehorses are better equipped to race over sprint distances and others over longer distances. The Irish scientists, from Trinity College Dublin and UCD, have discovered the inner workings of… Continue Reading →

Nobody wins in a landslide

A University of Cincinnati geologist is studying one of the lesser-known hazards of life in the West: landslides. People who live in the Basin and Range of Nevada are accustomed to earthquakes, flash floods and wildfires. But UC professor Daniel… Continue Reading →

RNA microchips: A new chapter in ribonucleic acid synthesis

Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is, along with DNA and protein, one of the three primary biological macromolecules and was probably the first to arise in early life forms. In the "RNA world"hypothesis, RNA is able to support life on its own… Continue Reading →

Warming oceans lead to more fur seal deaths from hookworm infection

Rising ocean temperatures are putting fur seal pups at greater risk of death from hookworm infections, according to new findings published in eLife. The results shed new light on how warmer oceans can alter specific physiological processes in marine mammals,… Continue Reading →

Phytophthora

It’s a gardener’s worst nightmare — a young tree, lovingly established and bathed with affection refuses to come into its own, instead collapsing several years after planting. The tree didn’t have problems with insects or any visible diseases, it just… Continue Reading →

#HowTo: Plant bacteria or virus infect a human?

No matter how closely you listen to your plants, you’ll never hear a single “Achoo!” from the garden, even if they’re infected with viruses or bacteria. Although plants express these infections differently from humans, some gardeners worry about plant disease… Continue Reading →

Angular Leaf Spot

It can be difficult to differentiate between leaf-related problems that occur in the summer garden, but angular leaf spot disease is pretty distinctive, making it easy for new gardeners to diagnose successfully. Plants that develop very regular leaf spots that… Continue Reading →

#HowTo: Leaves browning

You can tell a lot about your plant’s health from its leaves. When they’re green, shiny and flexible, all systems are go; that plant is happy and care-free. But when plants develop brown leaves in the middle of their canopy… Continue Reading →

Family tree of 400 million people shows genetics has limited influence on longevity

Although long life tends to run in families, genetics has far less influence on life span than previously thought, according to a new analysis of an aggregated set of family trees of more than 400 million people. The results suggest… Continue Reading →

Mothers prefer daughters and fathers prefer sons

Finnish and American researchers in evolutionary biology conducted an online experiment and survey which reveals that women prefer and are more likely to invest in their daughters and men in their sons. The study was designed to test the impact… Continue Reading →

Trying to understand cells’ interior design

How do you imagine the interior of our cells? Often compared to tiny factories, cells found smart and sophisticated ways to organize their 'interior'. Most biological processes require cells to bring together their 'employees', such as proteins and nucleic acids… Continue Reading →

Impatiens Necrotic Spot Virus

As gardeners, we face a lot of hurdles when it comes to keeping our plants alive and healthy. If the soil’s wrong, the pH is off, there are too many bugs (or not enough bugs), or disease sets in, we’ve… Continue Reading →

Botryosphaeria Canker

It’s the greatest feeling in the world when your landscape is complete, the trees are big enough to cast a puddle of shade onto the lawn and you can finally relax after the years you’ve spent turning an old drab… Continue Reading →

#HowTo: Fix Dying Growth

New growth on your plants is a promise of blooms, big beautiful leaves or, at the very least, an extended lifespan; but when that new growth is wilting or dying, most gardeners panic, not knowing what to do. Although dying… Continue Reading →

Dine with Andrew Zimmern, Ruth Reichl, Kat Kinsman, Marion Nestle, and Nik Sharma to Benefit Civil Eats

Back by popular demand, Civil Eats will host its third annual Celebration on Tuesday, November 13 in San Francisco at The Pearl. This is the one time each year that we gather to raise critical funds for our work and… Continue Reading →

Election Day Cake: A Recipe to Help Rebuild Our Democracy

Since the last election, I’ve felt a strong drive to reignite my connection to community—it didn’t matter which one, only that I step out of my self-imposed bubble and get to know my neighbors and meet people I didn’t know… Continue Reading →

Smut

When black spores appear on your lawn or garden plants, it’s understandably frustrating -after all, you’ve given those plants lots of tender care and they’re sick despite your efforts. Try not to panic, we’ve got lots of information about treating… Continue Reading →

Viroid

There are a lot of little tiny creatures that go bump in the night, from fungal pathogens to bacteria and viruses, most gardeners have at least a passing familiarity with the monsters that wait to destroy their gardens. It’s a… Continue Reading →

Ergot Fungus

Growing grains and hay can be an interesting way to make a living or enhance your garden experience, but with great grains come great responsibilities. Ergot fungus is a serious pathogen that can infect your rye, wheat and other grasses… Continue Reading →

Cotton Root Rot

Cotton root rot in plants is a devastating fungal disease. What is cotton root rot? This disease is caused by the fungus Phymatotrichum omnivorum. “Omnivarium” indeed. The fungus colonizes the roots of a plant, gradually killing them off and reducing… Continue Reading →

Cercospora

Cercospora fruit spot is a common disease of citrus fruits but it also affects many other crops. What is cercospora? The disease is fungal and survives on any affected fruit in soil from the previous season. Read on to learn… Continue Reading →

International Conference on Forestry Food and Sustainable Agriculture (Bangalore)

International Conference on Environmental, Food, Agriculture and Bio-Technology (Hong Kong)

Study shows potential to develop brain tumour liquid biopsies

Scientists are making strides in developing liquid biopsies for brain tumours by detecting tumour DNA in the fluid from around the brain and spine. Liquid biopsies are fluid samples from patients, for example from the blood or urine, which provide… Continue Reading →

495th International Conference on Food and Agricultural Engineering

International Conference on Forestry Food and Sustainable Agriculture (Amsterdam)

Eat your vegetables (and fish): Another reason why they may promote heart health

Elevated levels of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) — a compound linked with the consumption of fish, seafood and a primarily vegetarian diet — may reduce hypertension-related heart disease symptoms. New research in rats finds that low-dose treatment with TMAO reduced heart… Continue Reading →

Computer model identifies sources of foodborne illnesses more accurately

A new computer model that uses machine learning and de-identified and aggregated search and location data from logged-in Google users was significantly more accurate in identifying potentially unsafe restaurants when compared with existing methods of consumer complaints and routine inspections,… Continue Reading →

Mandibular movement monitoring may help improve oral sleep apnea devices

While continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) continues to be the gold standard for treatment of sleep apnea, the cumbersome machines are often not well tolerated by patients. Because of this, less obtrusive oral appliances that thrust the jaw forward during… Continue Reading →

Supermarket produce harbors antibiotic-resistance genes

Researchers from the Julius Kühn Institut, Germany have found that produce is a reservoir for transferable antibiotic resistance genes that often escape traditional molecular detection methods. These antibiotic resistance genes might escape cultivation-independent detection, but could still be transferred to… Continue Reading →

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